The Roman Republic

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The Roman Republic

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  1. The Roman Republic

    Slide 1 - The Roman Republic

    • Rising to Power
  2. CSOs

    Slide 2 - CSOs

    • SS.9.C.6 compare and contrast political ideologies in order to analyze the evolving role of government in world affairs prior to year 1900
    • SS.9.H.CL3.2 compare and contrast the causes and effects of the rise and decline of classical civilizations.
  3. The First Romans

    Slide 3 - The First Romans

    • 3 Groups inhabited the region
    • Etruscans in the North
    • The Latins in Rome
    • Greeks in the South & Sicily
    • 750-600 B.C.E
  4. The Republic Forms

    Slide 4 - The Republic Forms

    • After being ruled by a Harsh tyrant king, the Romans declared never to be ruled by a king.
    • A republic is form of government in which power rests with citizens who have the right to vote for their leaders.
    • In Rome, citizenship with voting rights was granted only to free-born male citizens.
  5. Patricians and Plebeians

    Slide 5 - Patricians and Plebeians

    • Patricians-wealthy landowners who held most the power
    • Plebeians, the common farmers, artisans, and merchant who made up the majority of the population
    • Tribunes-representatives that protected the rights of the plebeians from unfair acts
  6. The Twelve Tables

    Slide 6 - The Twelve Tables

    • Major Victory for the Plebeians
    • 451 BCE The Roman Laws were wrote down on twelve tablets and hung in the Forum.
    • The 12 Tables would establish the idea that all free citizens had a right to the protection of the law.
  7. Consuls

    Slide 7 - Consuls

    • Consuls- commanded the army and directed the government, but their power was limited.
    • They could only serve 1 year terms every ten years.
    • There was the power of veto (overrule) by the other consul
  8. Senate and Dictators

    Slide 8 - Senate and Dictators

    • Senate- its 300 members were chosen from the upper class of Roman society (later the plebeians could serve).
    • Senate influences both foreign (outside one’s territory) and domestic (inside one’s territory)policy
    • Dictator would be appointed in times of crisis and his power only lasted 6 months
    • Dictators were chosen by consuls and elected by the senate
  9. Check out this video…

    Slide 9 - Check out this video…

    • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eQlwFiE0Lsw