The Roman Republic
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Slide 1 - The Roman Republic
- Rising to Power
Slide 2 - CSOs
- SS.9.C.6 compare and contrast political ideologies in order to analyze the evolving role of government in world affairs prior to year 1900
- SS.9.H.CL3.2 compare and contrast the causes and effects of the rise and decline of classical civilizations.
Slide 3 - The First Romans
- 3 Groups inhabited the region
- Etruscans in the North
- The Latins in Rome
- Greeks in the South & Sicily
- 750-600 B.C.E
Slide 4 - The Republic Forms
- After being ruled by a Harsh tyrant king, the Romans declared never to be ruled by a king.
- A republic is form of government in which power rests with citizens who have the right to vote for their leaders.
- In Rome, citizenship with voting rights was granted only to free-born male citizens.
Slide 5 - Patricians and Plebeians
- Patricians-wealthy landowners who held most the power
- Plebeians, the common farmers, artisans, and merchant who made up the majority of the population
- Tribunes-representatives that protected the rights of the plebeians from unfair acts
Slide 6 - The Twelve Tables
- Major Victory for the Plebeians
- 451 BCE The Roman Laws were wrote down on twelve tablets and hung in the Forum.
- The 12 Tables would establish the idea that all free citizens had a right to the protection of the law.
Slide 7 - Consuls
- Consuls- commanded the army and directed the government, but their power was limited.
- They could only serve 1 year terms every ten years.
- There was the power of veto (overrule) by the other consul
Slide 8 - Senate and Dictators
- Senate- its 300 members were chosen from the upper class of Roman society (later the plebeians could serve).
- Senate influences both foreign (outside one’s territory) and domestic (inside one’s territory)policy
- Dictator would be appointed in times of crisis and his power only lasted 6 months
- Dictators were chosen by consuls and elected by the senate
Slide 9 - Check out this video…