Indo-Pakistani Cold War Relations
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Slide 1 - By Aman Jha
- India and Pakistan - Cold War
Slide 3 - When the British Empire left India in 1947, they split the country into India and Pakistan.
- Pakistan consisted of two primarily Muslim sections:
- West Pakistan, which is modern day Pakistan
- East Pakistan, which is modern day Bangladesh
- India and Pakistan Partition
- Partition Map
- (Public Domain)
- Major Events
Slide 6 - West Pakistan was the main Pakistan, and the East was neglected (Zaheer)
- India helped fight against Pakistan after Pakistan launched airstrikes
- Russia supported Bangladesh’s freedom (Bhattacharyya)
- Bangladesh Liberation War
- Bangladesh Flag
Slide 7 - Bangladesh War Pictures
- Pakistanis haul away Indian corpse
- Indian-trained Bengali freedom fighters
Slide 8 - War between India and China 1962
- China took a small amount of land from India (Zaheer)
- Aksai Chin region
- More deaths due to cold
- Sino-Indian War
- General Relations
Slide 10 - US supports Pakistan politically and materially.
- Nixon feared India means Soviet Control (Cohen)
- George H.W Bush called for ceasefire – vetoed
- Nixon in contact with Iran Jordan
- US placed an arms embargo from 1965 to 1975 (Cohen)
- Pakistan America Relations
Slide 11 - Pakistan America Relations
Slide 12 - Soviet Union supported Bangladesh
- Indo-Soviet Friendship treaty 1971
- Helping India against China
- India Russia Relations
- Indian Prime Minister visiting Russia
- Much frostier relationship with USA’s Nixon
Slide 13 - Pakistan allied itself with the USA
- India allied itself with the Soviet Union
- Bangladesh and China were large 3rd party factors
- These were the two major countries in the superpowers’ battle for South Asia
Slide 14 - Lidarev, Ivan. "History's Hostage: China, India and the War of 1962." The Diplomat. Ed. James Pach. N.p., 12 Aug. 2012. Web. 18 May 2015. <http://thediplomat.com/2012/08/ historys-hostage-china-india-and-the-war-of-1962/?allpages=yes>.
- The war between India and China of 1962 was essential in shaping relations between countries during the Cold War. The source that created this, the Diplomat, is a reputable website based on Asian politics. The source gave excellent general information about the Sino-Indian war, about who won, who was involved etc. The source was very effective at portraying the general points, but didn’t go into depth about the perspectives of both sides of the war. It did highlight the reasons that China attacked India, however.
- Hensher, Philip. "The War Bangladesh Can Never Forget." Independent. N.p., 19 Feb. 2013. Web. 18 May 2015. <http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/ asia/the-war-bangladesh-can-never-forget-8501636.html>.
- The Bangladesh War was the war that created the most animosity between Pakistan and India, because India caused the freedom of Bangladesh. This source, by the Independent is a very useful source in giving basic overview information as well as pictures to explain the situation. The Independent is a reputable news source. The source did not seem biased in any way, and was very effective at portraying different viewpoints in the issue.
- Bibliography Sources
- Cohen, Stephen P. Superpower Rivalry and Conflict. Ed. Chandra Chari. New York: Taylor & Francis, n.d. Print.
- Bhattacharyya, S. K. Genocide in East Pakistan/Bangladesh: A Horror Story. Houston, TX: A. Ghosh, 1988.
- Zaheer, Hasan. The Separation of East Pakistan: The Rise and Realization of Bengali Muslim Nationalism. Karachi; NY: Oxford University Press, 1994.
- Kanjilal, Kalidas. The Perishing Humanity. Calcutta: Sahitya Loke, 1976.
Slide 15 - Depardon, Raymond. "The People's Army." Time. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 May 2015. <http://content.time.com/time/photogallery/ 0,29307,1844754_1772107,00.html>.
- In this image, common freedom fighterswere shown. This was to show the effort Bangladesh put in in order to gain freedom from the Pakistanis. This image was affective at showing the desperation and impact of the war.
- Abbas. "Behind Enemy Lines." Time. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 May 2015. <http://content.time.com/time/photogallery/ 0,29307,1844754_1772109,00.html>.
- In this picture, Pakistanis are hauling away an Indian dead soldier. I used the picture to show the brutality of the war, and the desperation created by a war, where India wasn’t even a main combatant. This picture further shows the impact of the cold war across the world, and how it affected the families of those who would seem to be as distant form the war as possible.
- Getty. "Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and US President Richard Nixon, talking at the White House." Rediff. Rediff, 9 Nov. 1971. Web. 20 May 2015.
- Bibliography Pictures
- Lidarev, Ivan. "History's Hostage: China, India and the War of 1962." The Diplomat. Ed. James Pach. N.p., 12 Aug. 2012. Web. 18 May 2015. <http://thediplomat.com/2012/08/ historys-hostage-china-india-and-the-war-of-1962/?allpages=yes>.