Chapter 8 sec. 4 Meat

*Contains only section 4 of chapter 8

World History

Chapter 8 sec. 4 Meat

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*Contains only section 4 of chapter 8
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  2. Slide 2

    • SECTION 4
  3. The Decline of Buddhism

    Slide 3 - The Decline of Buddhism

    • Buddhism remained popular among Indian people. People began to interpret his teachings in different ways. Resulted in a split.
    • Theravada (“teachings of the elders”)
    • Following the original teachings of Buddha. It was a way of life, not religion. Believed that nirvana was a release from the “wheel of life” and could be achieved through an understanding of one’s self.
    • Mahayana was a religion, not a philosophy.
    • Believed Buddha was divine, not just a wise man. Nirvana was not just a release from the “wheel of life”, but a true heaven. You could achieve it through devotion to Buddha.
    • Buddhism declined & Hinduism and Islam became more popular.
    • Buddhism became popular in China, Korea, SE Asia, and Japan
  4. The Eastward Expansion of Islam

    Slide 4 - The Eastward Expansion of Islam

    • Islam becomes popular in North Western India. India is mostly Hindu, but Pakistan & Bangladesh is Islamic.
    • Arabs reached India in the 8th century. Expansion began again in 10th century and founded Ghazni (Afghanistan). Rajputs (Hindu warriors) resisted but were not match.
    • By 1200, Muslims conquered the entire plain of northern India and created a new Muslim state known as Sultanate of Delhi.
  5. The Impact of Timur Lenk

    Slide 5 - The Impact of Timur Lenk

    • Late 14th century, Sultanate of Delhi declined.
    • Timur Lenk (Tamerlane) raided the capital of Delhi and killed 100,000 Hindu prisoners.
    • During the 1380s, he conquered the entire region east of the Caspian Sea and then occupied Mesopotamia.
    • Died in 1405 during a military campaign.
  6. Islam and Indian Society

    Slide 6 - Islam and Indian Society

    • Muslims kept a strict separation between themselves and the Hindu population.
    • Realized that they couldn’t convert them all, so they tolerated the Hindu’s religion.
    • They did impose many Islamic customs on Hindu society.
    • Their relationship was marked by suspicion and dislike.
  7. Economy and Daily Life

    Slide 7 - Economy and Daily Life

    • Between 500-1500, most Indians lived on the land & farmed their own tiny plots.
    • They paid a share of their harvest to the landlord, who sent part of it to the ruler.
    • Wealthy lived in the city. Agriculture was a source of wealth.
    • Fighting among states caused trade within India to decline.
    • Foreign trade remained high because of India’s location.
  8. The Wonder of Indian Culture

    Slide 8 - The Wonder of Indian Culture

    • Between 500-1500, architecture & literature flourished.
    • 8th century on- built monumental Hindu temples. Of the 80 built, 20 are still standing today.
    • Prose literature developed in 6th & 7th centuries. Dandin wrote “The Ten Princes”. He created a fantastic world, combining history & fiction.
  9. 2.

    Slide 10 - 2.

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