Chapter 8 sec. 4 Meat
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Tags: World History
Slide 1 - CHAPTER 8THE ASIAN WORLD
- SECTION 4
Slide 3 - The Decline of Buddhism
- Buddhism remained popular among Indian people. People began to interpret his teachings in different ways. Resulted in a split.
- Theravada (“teachings of the elders”)
- Following the original teachings of Buddha. It was a way of life, not religion. Believed that nirvana was a release from the “wheel of life” and could be achieved through an understanding of one’s self.
- Mahayana was a religion, not a philosophy.
- Believed Buddha was divine, not just a wise man. Nirvana was not just a release from the “wheel of life”, but a true heaven. You could achieve it through devotion to Buddha.
- Buddhism declined & Hinduism and Islam became more popular.
- Buddhism became popular in China, Korea, SE Asia, and Japan
Slide 4 - The Eastward Expansion of Islam
- Islam becomes popular in North Western India. India is mostly Hindu, but Pakistan & Bangladesh is Islamic.
- Arabs reached India in the 8th century. Expansion began again in 10th century and founded Ghazni (Afghanistan). Rajputs (Hindu warriors) resisted but were not match.
- By 1200, Muslims conquered the entire plain of northern India and created a new Muslim state known as Sultanate of Delhi.
Slide 5 - The Impact of Timur Lenk
- Late 14th century, Sultanate of Delhi declined.
- Timur Lenk (Tamerlane) raided the capital of Delhi and killed 100,000 Hindu prisoners.
- During the 1380s, he conquered the entire region east of the Caspian Sea and then occupied Mesopotamia.
- Died in 1405 during a military campaign.
Slide 6 - Islam and Indian Society
- Muslims kept a strict separation between themselves and the Hindu population.
- Realized that they couldn’t convert them all, so they tolerated the Hindu’s religion.
- They did impose many Islamic customs on Hindu society.
- Their relationship was marked by suspicion and dislike.
Slide 7 - Economy and Daily Life
- Between 500-1500, most Indians lived on the land & farmed their own tiny plots.
- They paid a share of their harvest to the landlord, who sent part of it to the ruler.
- Wealthy lived in the city. Agriculture was a source of wealth.
- Fighting among states caused trade within India to decline.
- Foreign trade remained high because of India’s location.
Slide 8 - The Wonder of Indian Culture
- Between 500-1500, architecture & literature flourished.
- 8th century on- built monumental Hindu temples. Of the 80 built, 20 are still standing today.
- Prose literature developed in 6th & 7th centuries. Dandin wrote “The Ten Princes”. He created a fantastic world, combining history & fiction.
Slide 10 - 2.
Slide 14 -