Joining Independent Clauses

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Joining Independent Clauses

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  1. Slide 1

    • Joining
    • Independent
    • clauses
    • ELA.9.L.C15.1
    • demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
    • use various types of phrases (noun, verb, adjectival, participial, prepositional, absolute) and clauses (independent, dependent; noun, relative, adverbial) to convey specific meanings and add variety and interest to writing or presentations.
  2. What is an independent clause?

    Slide 2 - What is an independent clause?

    • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hNT1D0JoFk8
  3. What is an independent clause?

    Slide 3 - What is an independent clause?

    • Independent Clauses can stand by themselves as sentences, except that when they do stand by themselves, separated from other clauses, they're normally referred to simply as sentences, not clauses.
    • The ability to recognize a clause and to know when a clause is capable of acting as an independent unit is essential to correct writing and is especially helpful in avoiding sentence fragments and run-on sentences.
  4. So how do I

    Slide 5 - So how do I

    • join
    • independent
    • clauses?
  5. Period + start a new sentence

    Slide 6 - Period + start a new sentence

    • My grandmother refuses to go to bed early. She thinks she's going to miss out on some of the action.
  6. Comma + a coordinating conjunction

    Slide 8 - Comma + a coordinating conjunction

    • My grandmother refuses to go to bed early, and I'm afraid she's going to catch a bad cold.
  7. Semicolon by itself

    Slide 10 - Semicolon by itself

    • A semicolon can be used in the same place you would use a period to combine 2 independent clauses. Use a semicolon when the clauses are very closely related and when the rhythm of the words are balanced nicely on both sides of the semicolon.
    • In spite of her cold, my grandmother refuses to go to bed early; she is afraid she will miss something.
  8. Semicolon + conjunction or transitional expression

    Slide 12 - Semicolon + conjunction or transitional expression

    • Use a semicolon plus a conjunction or transitional expression such as however, moreover, nevertheless, therefore, as a result, consequently
    • followed by a comma.
    • My grandmother has stayed up late four nights in a row; as a result, she cannot seem to get well.
  9. https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/598/01/

    Slide 14 - https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/598/01/

    • http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/indep_clauses.htm
    • http://www.hamilton.edu/writing/seven-sins-of-writing/the-second-deadly-sin-incorrect-punctuation-of-two-independent-clauses
    • Keep studying: Online resources
  10. http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?genre=Pop

    Slide 15 - http://incompetech.com/music/royalty-free/index.html?genre=Pop

    • Royalty Free Music Downloaded From: