cold war_mix

1.0x

cold war_mix

Created 2 years ago

Duration 0:05:09
lesson view count 81
Select the file type you wish to download
Slide Content
  1. Cold War

    Slide 1 - Cold War

    • United States
    • Vs.
    • Soviet Union
  2. Cold War

    Slide 5 - Cold War

    • Ideological fight/disagreement between the United States and Soviet Union
    • No actual fighting directly between the US and USSR
    • United States
    • Soviet Union
    • Government: Democracy
    • Economic system: Capitalism
    • Government: Totalitarianism/dictatorship
    • Economic system: Communism
  3. Containment

    Slide 7 - Containment

    • The desire to “contain” or keep communism from spreading
    • Communism
  4. Truman Doctrine

    Slide 8 - Truman Doctrine

    • United States would provide political, military and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces.
  5. “The United States has received from the Greek Government an urgent appeal for financial and economic assistance. Preliminary reports from the American Economic Mission now in Greece and reports from the American Ambassador in Greece corroborate the statement of the Greek Government that assistance is imperative if Greece is to survive as a free nation. The very existence of the Greek state is today threatened by the terrorist activities of several thousand armed men, led by Communists, who defy the government's authority at a number of points, particularly along the northern boundaries.”

    Slide 9 - “The United States has received from the Greek Government an urgent appeal for financial and economic assistance. Preliminary reports from the American Economic Mission now in Greece and reports from the American Ambassador in Greece corroborate the statement of the Greek Government that assistance is imperative if Greece is to survive as a free nation. The very existence of the Greek state is today threatened by the terrorist activities of several thousand armed men, led by Communists, who defy the government's authority at a number of points, particularly along the northern boundaries.”

    • PRESIDENT HARRY S. TRUMAN'S ADDRESS BEFORE CONGRESS, MARCH 12, 1947
  6. Marshall Plan

    Slide 11 - Marshall Plan

    • 1948: Economic aid given to countries in Western Europe to rebuild after WWII
    • Belief that if the US gave money to countries, they would support the United States/capitalism and would not support the Soviet Union and communism
  7. Economic aid given individual countries by the United States

    Slide 12 - Economic aid given individual countries by the United States

  8. NATO

    Slide 15 - NATO

    • North Atlantic Treaty Organization
    • Agreement between the United States, Canada and Western European countries to support one another
  9. NATO Agreement

    Slide 16 - NATO Agreement

    • The parties agree than an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or in North America shall be considered as an attack against them all. They agree that if such an armed attack occurs, each of them will assist the party or parties so attacked. Each will immediately take whatever action it considers necessary to restore and maintain the security of the North Atlantic area. It will, if necessary, use armed force.
  10. Warsaw Pact

    Slide 18 - Warsaw Pact

    • Response to the creation of NATO by the Soviet Union
    • They created their own alliance with:
    • German Democratic Republic, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, Other Communist Nations:
  11. NATO vs Warsaw Pact

    Slide 19 - NATO vs Warsaw Pact

  12. Arms Race

    Slide 21 - Arms Race

    • The race to have the best weapons and military
    • Every time one country built a nuclear weapon, the other also built one
  13. Number of nuclear weapons by country

    Slide 23 - Number of nuclear weapons by country

  14. Arms Race

    Slide 25 - Arms Race

    • Both countries were building rockets to be used as long-range missiles
    • Countries could shoot a rocket with a bomb attached at another from a far distance
    • "The next war will not start with a naval action nor...by aircraft flown by human beings. It might very well start with missiles being dropped on the capital of a country, say Washington...."
    •  Gen. Henry H. Arnold, 1945
  15. "The next war will not start with a naval action nor...by aircraft flown by human beings. It might very well start with missiles being dropped on the capital of a country, say Washington...."

    Slide 26 - "The next war will not start with a naval action nor...by aircraft flown by human beings. It might very well start with missiles being dropped on the capital of a country, say Washington...."

    •  Gen. Henry H. Arnold, 1945
  16. Space Race

    Slide 29 - Space Race

    • The arms race and military build up led to the space race
    • Countries were not only building rockets to deliver bombs/as missiles, but to send into space
    • Both countries wanted to be the first in space
    • 1957 – Soviet Union sends the first satellite, Sputnik, into space
    • 1969 – United States puts the first person on the moon
  17. Sputnik and Moon Landing

    Slide 30 - Sputnik and Moon Landing

  18. Brinkmanship

    Slide 33 - Brinkmanship

    • The practice of pushing dangerous events to the brink of disaster in order to achieve the most advantageous (beneficial) outcome
    • If the USSR attacked interfered with United States interests or attacked their allies, the US would react
  19. Proxy War

    Slide 34 - Proxy War

    • A conflict instigated by two stronger powers who do not fight directly.
    • Instead, the two powers use weaker countries to do the fighting
  20. Proxy Wars

    Slide 35 - Proxy Wars

    • Korean War 1950 – 1953
    • North – supported by the USSR and wanted a communist government
    • South – supported by US and wanted a democracy
    • Result: No clear winner - Korea remains divided North/South along the 38th parallel, where the war began
    • North – communist
    • South – republic
    • Vietnam 1954- 1975
    • North - led by Ho Chi Minh, is supported by the USSR and wants communism
    • South – supported by US and wanted a democracy
    • Result: US backs out of the war due to resentment at home and the entire country becomes communist
  21. Cuba

    Slide 37 - Cuba

    • 1959 – Cuban Revolution
    • Fidel Castro, a revolutionary leader ceases (takes) power and aligns himself with the Soviet Union
    • Establishes a communist government
  22. Cuban Missile Crisis1962

    Slide 39 - Cuban Missile Crisis1962

    • 13 Day stand-off between the United States and Cuba/USSR over nuclear weapons
    • United States puts missiles in Turkey, aimed at the Soviet Union
    • The Soviet Union then responds and puts missiles in Cuba, aimed at the United States
  23. United States puts a blockade around Cuba to prohibit USSR ships from reaching the island

    Slide 43 - United States puts a blockade around Cuba to prohibit USSR ships from reaching the island

    • October 24: USSR ships entering Cuban waters were stopped by the US blockade
    • If the Soviets tried to breach the blockade, a war would have ensued
    • Both counties are on the verge of launching nuclear weapons
    • October 26th: Khrushchev (USSR leader) sent a message to President Kennedy in which he offered to remove the Cuban missiles in exchange for a promise by U.S. leaders not to invade Cuba
    • Cuban Missile Crisis1962
  24. For more information on the Cuban Missile Crisis…

    Slide 53 - For more information on the Cuban Missile Crisis…

    • http://microsites.jfklibrary.org/cmc/oct16/