Parts of Speech

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Parts of Speech

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  1. Parts of Speech

    Slide 1 - Parts of Speech

    • By: Elijah Johnson
    • “The English language is nobody's special property. It is the property of the imagination: it is the property of the language itself.”- Derek Walcott
  2. Prepositional Phrases and Subordinating Conjunctions

    Slide 2 - Prepositional Phrases and Subordinating Conjunctions

    • Prepositional Phrases are of course phrases with prepositions in them.
    • A prepositional phrase begins with the preposition and ends with the object the preposition describes (OP) or Object of the Preposition.
    • Subordinating Conjunctions start an adverb clauses.
    • Subordinating conjunctions start new clause and give a time or a place to the object.
    • This is the first step in identifying words in a sentence.
  3. Subordinating Conjunctions

    Slide 3 - Subordinating Conjunctions

    • Time Place Manner Concession Degree
    • after everywhere as although as
    • as where as if even if than
    • as often as wherever as though even though so that
    • as soon as though
    • before
    • once Cause Purpose Condition
    • until because in order that if
    • when in as much as so that in case (without of at end)
    • whenever since unless
    • while
  4. Identifying the Subordinating Conjunctions

    Slide 4 - Identifying the Subordinating Conjunctions

    • There aren’t always subordinating conjunctions. There aren’t in simple sentences. After looking at the subordinating conjunction list, try to find a word on the list in the sentence that shows a place or time.
    • The comma following the subordinating clause shows the end of the clause. This is when you will put brackets around the clause and label it ADV Clause.
  5. Labeling the Subordinating Conjunctions

    Slide 5 - Labeling the Subordinating Conjunctions

    • Because your sources are sited correctly within the text of the paper and in the bibliography, you have not plagiarized.
  6. Prepositions

    Slide 6 - Prepositions

    • A   aboard   about   above   according to   across   after   against   ahead of   along along with  
    • amid among   apart from   around   as   as far as   as well as   at
    • B   back of   because of   before   behind   below   beneath   beside   between   beyond  
    • but (meaning “except”)   by
    • C   concerning   contrary to
    • D   despite   down   during
    • E except   excepting
    • F   for   from
    • I   in   in addition to   in back of   in front of   in place of   in regard to   in spite of   in view of  
    • inside   instead of   into
    • L   like
    • N   near next to
    • O   of   off   on   on account of   on top of   onto out   out of   outside   over
    • P   past
    • R   rather than   regarding   round
    • S   since
    • T   through   throughout   till   to   together with   toward   towards
    • U   under   underneath   until   unto   up   up to   upon
    • V   versus   via
    • W   with   with regard to   within   without   worth
  7. Identifying the Prepositional Phrase

    Slide 7 - Identifying the Prepositional Phrase

    • After looking at the prepositions and labeling the subordinating Conjunctions, you can begin finding the phrases.
  8. Labeling the Prepositional phrases

    Slide 8 - Labeling the Prepositional phrases

    • Because your sources are sited correctly within the text of the paper and in the bibliography, you have not plagiarized.
  9. Verbs

    Slide 9 - Verbs

    • Verbs are a common part of the English language. They can either link words together, show an action, or help link a verb.
    • These are Linking, Action, and Helping verbs. You only labeling a verb action or linking after finding the subject.
  10. Identifying a verb

    Slide 10 - Identifying a verb

    • Now we are going to identify the verbs in a sentence.
    • After finding a Prep Phrase or Subordinating Conjunctions, you then label the verbs.
  11. Labeling the Verbs

    Slide 11 - Labeling the Verbs

    • Because your sources are sited correctly within the text of the paper and in the bibliography, you have not plagiarized.
  12. Subjects

    Slide 12 - Subjects

    • The subject of a sentence is what the verbs are describing. To find a subject always ask whom or what before the verb. If there is a helping verb, ask the helping verb then the action/linking verb.
  13. Labeling the Subject

    Slide 13 - Labeling the Subject

    • Because your sources are sited correctly within the text of the paper and in the bibliography, you have not plagiarized.
  14. Determining the Verbs place

    Slide 14 - Determining the Verbs place

    • Now we are going to label the verbs action or linking. If the verb is not on the below list, then it must be action.
    • If the subject is not doing what the verb says, its not an action.
    • Be—am, is, are, was, were, be, been, being—when used alone or as the last verb in a verb phrase
    • Always Linking Others—become, seem, remain
    • Sense Words—taste, smell, sound, feel, look (Sometimes these are linking, but most of the time
    • they are action; check to see if they are action first.)
    • Sometimes Linking Others—appear, grow, stay, turn (Again, check to see if they are action first.)
  15. Labeling the Verbs

    Slide 15 - Labeling the Verbs

    • Because your sources are sited correctly within the text of the paper and in the bibliography, you have not plagiarized.