Building A Research Paper
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Slide 1 - Building A Research Paper
Slide 2 - Lesson Objectives
- Learn about the concept of plagiarism.
- Learn the reasons for using a citation style, like MLA.
- Correctly utilize and identify MLA citation style.
Slide 3 - What is Plagiarism & When does it occur
- What is plagiarism?
- The theft of words, phrases, sentence structures, opinions, or ideas.
- When does it occur?
- Plagiarism occurs when any such information is taken from any source or person and--intentionally or unintentionally--presented or "borrowed" without mention of the source.
- Plagiarism also occurs when materials from cited sources are reproduced exactly or nearly exactly but are not put in quotation marks.
Slide 4 - Let’s look at some hypothetical situations. For each, identify if the student used his or her sources acceptably. Make sure you explain your answers.
Slide 5 - Let’s look at some hypothetical situations. For each, identify if the student used his or her sources acceptably. Make sure you explain your answers.
Slide 6 - When to give your source credit…
- You must acknowledge in your paper the source of
- A direct quotation
- A statistic
- An idea
- Someone else’s opinion
- Concrete facts not considered “common knowledge”
- Information not commonly known
- Information taken from the computer (CD ROMS, internet, etc.)
- Illustrations, photographs, or charts – if not yours
Slide 7 - Sources
- GENERAL RULE:
- Ideally, no more than 25 percent of your paper should be direct quotations
- Paraphrase as much as you can
- Use direct quotations when citing a statistic or original theory
- Use author's words if they capture a point exactly
Slide 8 - MLA
- MLA, like other citation styles consists of two things:
- In-text Citations (Also called Parenthetical Citations)
- Works Cited Page (composed of Bibliography Entries)
- **You must utilize both correctly to avoid plagiarism!
Slide 9 - Why use MLA format?
- Allows readers to cross-reference your sources easily
- Provides consistent format within a discipline
- Gives you credibility as a writer
- Protects yourself from plagiarism
Slide 10 - In-Text Citations
- In text or Parenthetical Citations
- A system in which you give your source in parentheses immediately after you give the information.
- Direct Quotation
- What it is: The exact words of an author used word for word in your paper or project. (IT DOESN’T NOT HAVE TO BE IN QUOTATION MARKS WITHIN THE TEXT)
- When to use it: You want to use the source’s exact words—even just a particular part within.
- How to use it:
- Copy the exact words of the source, putting those words inside quotation marks.
- Put a citation at the end of the quotation indicating the author and page number.
Slide 11 - Cite your Sources
- In-text citations of sources have two requirements:
- They need to include enough information for the audience to find the source on the works cited page.
- They need to include enough information so the audience knows where to find the borrowed material in the original source you used.
Slide 12 - How to Cite Correctly
Slide 13 - PRACTICE: Explain whether these parenthetical citations are correct or incorrect. This quote is from the novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley found on page 148. Write in COMPLETE sentences.
Slide 14 - Work Cited Entries
- A Works Cited Page is composed of Works Cited Entries, commonly called bibliographic entries. There are dozens of different types of sources, and there is an MLA work cited format for each one.
- The most common formats are those for:
- A book with one author
- A book with two authors
- A book with an editor
- An article from an online periodical (journals and magazines)
- An internet site
Slide 15 - What you learned today:
- In this lesson you learned:
- About plagiarism
- The importance of citation styles
- How to use MLA citation style