Self Guided Lesson 3 Memory and Cognition
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Slide 1 - Memory and Cognition
- Self Guided Lesson 3
Slide 2 - Forgetting
- The Seven Sins of Memory
- Three sins of forgetting
- Absent mindedness
- Three sins of distortion
- One sing of intrusion
Slide 3 - Why do we forget?
- Encoding failure – if we fail to encode, we will never remember
- Which one of these is the real U.S. penny?
Slide 4 - Storage Decay
- Ebbinghaus’ Forgetting Curve
- What is the color of the top stripe of the American flag? The bottom stripe? How many red and how many white?
- How many sides does a wooden pencil have?
- In which hand does the Statue of Liberty hold her torch?
- What is on the back of a $10 bill? The $5? The $1?
- What four words other than “In God We Trust” are on most U.S. coins?
- Tip of the tongue phenomenon – is a retrieval failure, rather than an encoding and storage failure
Slide 7 - Interference
- Proactive interference – when Old information interferes with the ability to recall new information.
- Retroactive interference – when New information interferes with the ability to recall old information
Slide 8 - A mnemonic for interference: P.O.R.N.
- Postive interference
- Old interferes with new information
- Retroactive interference
- New information interferes with the retrieval of old
Slide 9 - Amnesia
- Retrograde amnesia: the ability to recover old memories
- Anterograde amnesia: the inability to lay down new memories
- Watch videos of Clive Wearing, HM, and the Woman Who Couldn’t Forget