Central America Puerto Rico

MS Geography and Culture

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Central America Puerto Rico

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MS Geography and Culture
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  1. Where in the World is Puerto Rico?

    Slide 1 - Where in the World is Puerto Rico?

  2. Essential Question(s): What is the geography of Puerto Rico like? What significant events have connected the U.S. and Puerto Rico?

    Slide 2 - Essential Question(s): What is the geography of Puerto Rico like? What significant events have connected the U.S. and Puerto Rico?

    • By the end of the lesson, you should be able to explain the relationship between the U.S. and Puerto Rico.
    • State Standards:
    • 7.1 - Basic Geographic Literacy
    • 7.2 - The Physical Characteristics of Places and Regions
    • 7.3.9.E - Explain the human characteristics of places and regions by their political activities.
    • Lesson Objectives
  3. Quick Facts

    Slide 3 - Quick Facts

    • Facts:
    • Name: Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
    • Official languages: Spanish and English
    • Size = 3,515 sq. mi. (1/3 the size of Massachusetts)
    • Population = 3.9 million
    • Capital is San Juan
    • If you are American, you do not need a passport to travel to Puerto Rico.
  4. Location

    Slide 4 - Location

    • Puerto Rico is an island in the Caribbean region of Central America.
    • It is an archipelago, which includes the main island of Puerto Rico as well as a number of smaller islands and keys.
  5. Puerto Rico is:

    Slide 5 - Puerto Rico is:

    • 100 miles long
    • 35 miles wide
    • Mountainous
    • See the Cordillera Central mountain range
    • A low coastal area
    • Closer Look
  6. Average of 83°F in the winter and 85°F in the summer.

    Slide 6 - Average of 83°F in the winter and 85°F in the summer.

    • Hurricane season from June to November
    • Climate
  7. Puerto Rico is an organized territory of the United States with commonwealth status.

    Slide 7 - Puerto Rico is an organized territory of the United States with commonwealth status.

    • It is a republic; it is self-governing
    • It has its own government with 3 branches
    • Laws are different for residents of Puerto Rico:
    • Exemption from some aspects of the U.S. tax code
    • No voting representation in either house of the U.S. Congress (Senate and House of Representatives)
    • Ineligibility of Puerto Ricans residing on the island to vote in presidential elections
    • Government
  8. The U.S. controls:

    Slide 8 - The U.S. controls:

    • interstate trade
    • foreign relations and commerce
    • customs administration
    • control of air, land and sea
    • immigration and emigration
    • nationality and citizenship
    • currency and postal services
    • military service, military bases, army, navy and air force
    • radio and television communications
    • agriculture, mining and minerals
    • Government
  9. The largest city and the capital of Puerto Rico

    Slide 9 - The largest city and the capital of Puerto Rico

    • Founded in 1508
    • A major port and tourist resort of the West Indies
    • The center of Caribbean shipping and the 2nd largest sea port in the area (after NYC)
    • The oldest city under the U.S. flag
    • San Juan
  10. Agriculture

    Slide 10 - Agriculture

    • Sugar
    • Fruit – pineapple and plantains
    • Livestock
    • Manufacturing
    • Medicine
    • Pharmaceuticals
    • Electronics
    • Textiles
    • Petrochemicals
    • Processed Foods
    • Clothing
    • Tourism
    • Economy
  11. El Yunque National Rainforest

    Slide 11 - El Yunque National Rainforest

    • Covers over 28,000 acres of tropical rainforest and is home to 240 species of trees, plants and animals
    • El Yunque gets its name from the Indian spirit Yuquirye, which means “Forest of Clouds”.
    • It is the site of the only tropical rainforest under the protection of the U.S.
  12. Can residents of Puerto Rico vote for president of the United States?

    Slide 12 - Can residents of Puerto Rico vote for president of the United States?

    • Yes
    • No
    • Quick Check
  13. Can residents of Puerto Rico vote for president of the United States?

    Slide 13 - Can residents of Puerto Rico vote for president of the United States?

    • Yes
    • No
    • Quick Check
  14. Quick Check

    Slide 14 - Quick Check

    • If you are an American traveling to Puerto Rico from the U.S., do you need a passport?
    • Yes
    • No
  15. Quick Check

    Slide 15 - Quick Check

    • If you are an American traveling to Puerto Rico from the U.S., do you need a passport?
    • Yes
    • No
  16. Essential Question(s): What is the geography of Puerto Rico like? What significant events have connected the U.S. and Puerto Rico?

    Slide 16 - Essential Question(s): What is the geography of Puerto Rico like? What significant events have connected the U.S. and Puerto Rico?

    • By the end of the lesson, you should be able to explain the relationship between the U.S. and Puerto Rico.
    • State Standards:
    • 7.1 - Basic Geographic Literacy
    • 7.2 - The Physical Characteristics of Places and Regions
    • 7.3.9.E - Explain the human characteristics of places and regions by their political activities.
    • Review Objectives
  17. Puerto Rico is not a state.

    Slide 17 - Puerto Rico is not a state.

    • Puerto Rico has its own government.
    • The U.S. controls many things that influence the economy and military in Puerto Rico.
    • Tourism is very important to the economy.
    • Things to Remember
  18. Next Lesson Preview

    Slide 18 - Next Lesson Preview