Presentation hobbes locke montesquieu
Created 3 years ago
Whom or what influenced the founding fathers of this country? Where did they get their ideas and ways of thinking about government?
Email this Mix
Slide 1 - Who or what influenced the founding fathers of this country? Where did they get their ideas and ways of thinking about government?
Slide 2 - Reading of the Declaration of Independence
Slide 3 - Vocabulary – Oh boy new words!
- Checks and Balances
- A principle of the federal government, according to the U.S. Constitution, that allows each branch of government to limit the power of the other branches
- Consent of the Governed
- An agreement made by the people to establish a government and abide by its laws
- A period in European history when many educated people stressed the importance of learning and reasoning;
- Education was considered the key to understanding and solving society’s problems
Slide 4 - Great, more Vocabulary Words
- Individual Liberty
- A person’s ability to be free and independent
- Having an effect or impact on the actions, behavior, opinions, etc. of another or others
Slide 5 - Vocabulary continued…
- 6. NATURAL LAW
- laws passed by government to protect natural rights
- 7. NATURAL RIGHTS
- the belief that individuals are born with basic rights that cannot be taken away by governments; life, liberty, and property
- 8. SEPARATION OF POWERS
- the structure of the federal government, according to the U.S. Constitution, that sets up three branches with their own distinct powers and responsibilities
- Thomas Hobbes
- English Scholar born in1588
- Lived in Paris during the English Civil Wars
- Wrote a book titled. “Leviathan”
- Influential to many other philosophers.
- A Look in the Mirror
- Hobbes believed humans are naturally selfish and quick to fight.
- In order to get what they want, people would always be at war. 16. Without a government the world would be ugly – State of Nature.
- Social Contract
- . A contract is an agreement in which both sides agree to something in order to reach a goal.
- Kings with a strong hold!
- In Hobbes’ view, people agreed to give up some rights and power in exchange for protection. However for Hobbes, the social contract was no two-way street.
- Its GONE!
- . Hobbes believed that once the people agreed to hand over power in exchange for protection, they lost the right to overthrow, replace, or even question the government.
Slide 7 - Thomas Hobbes continued…
- 20. This book said how Hobbes believed a government should work. He said that a strong central authority was the only way to avoid the evils of war.
- He believed government would work best if run by 1 person- not three branches!
- Monarchy vs Democracy
- 21. Hobbes was very influential to many of the philosophers that were born after him as well as our Founding Fathers. However, as time progressed, more individuals believed that power needed to be divided to protect people's rights.
Slide 8 - John Locke
- Born in England in 1632
- Influenced by Thomas Hobbes
- Philosopher & political scientist
- Wrote a book called “An Essay Concerning Human Understanding”
- Most influential to Thomas Jefferson
- Ideas show up in our Constitution
- Natural Rights
- These rights are not given to you- you are born with them!
- We all want to live, and have the right to fight for our survival
- We all want to be as free as possible to make our own decisions.
- We want to own things that will help us survive.
- Blank Slate
- Locke believed we are all born with a blank slate. We all grow differently because we all experience different things. The only thing we have in common is being human and sharing human nature.
Slide 9 - 33. Who needs a government?
- 34. State of Nature
- If there was no government there would be no rules, no one in charge, and no way for us to protect our natural rights!
- Locke believed that since people gave the government its power, the government MUST protect people’s natural rights.
- 36. In Exchange
- 35. Primary Function of our Government
- Locke believed the purpose of government is to end the state of nature and give people certain protections.
Slide 10 - 37. Where Locke & Hobbes differ!
- The people give up power in return for protection. If the government does not deliver, the people have the power to revolt.
- (Similar to the American Revolution)
Slide 11 - 38. Born in 1689 in Bordeaux, France
- One of the greatest thinkers of the 17th & 18th centuries (Enlightenment)
- His ideas guided the Founding Fathers when writing the Constitution.
- Baron de Montesquieu
- Follow the Rules
- Montesquieu believed that liberty is the peace of mind that comes with being safe, and that safety can only exist when everyone follows the laws. If government give us clear laws, people can follow them, and it will make for a better life.
- Montesquieu spent a lot of time studying the governments of Europe. He believed the best governments had a division or SEPARATION OF POWERS
- The English government had 3 parts: a king to enforce laws, Parliament to create laws, and courts to interpret laws.
- ... But equal
- believed that all the branches should have equal power. In order to protect our rights and liberty, he said all branches should have a way of limiting the other branches from gaining too much power. This is called checks and balanc
- Sound Familiar?
- James Madison the “Father of the Constitution,” liked the idea that each branch of government should have a clear role. As a result, the U.S. Constitution clearly explains what each branch can and can not do. This keeps all branches of government balanced and equal.
Slide 12 - In what ways does John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, and Baron de Montesquieu impact our founding fathers, our Declaration of Independence, and the foundations of our nation?
Slide 13 - Enlightenment Thinkers: Hobbes,Locke,Montesquieu, Rousseau1. Listen to the video 12 minutes 2. write the diagrams he gives you in your notebook or on clean paper. (glue in notebook)