Central America Cuba

MS Geography and Culture

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Central America Cuba

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MS Geography and Culture
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  1. Can I Vacation in Cuba?

    Slide 1 - Can I Vacation in Cuba?

  2. Essential Question(s): What is the geography of Cuba like? What significant events have connected the U.S. and Cuba?

    Slide 2 - Essential Question(s): What is the geography of Cuba like? What significant events have connected the U.S. and Cuba?

    • By the end of the lesson, you should be able to explain the relationship between the U.S. and Cuba.
    • State Standards:
    • 7.1 - Basic Geographic Literacy
    • 7.2 - The Physical Characteristics of Places and Regions
    • 7.3.9.E - Explain the human characteristics of places and regions by their political activities.
    • Lesson Objectives
  3. Embargo: a restriction on the movement of ships into and out of ports

    Slide 3 - Embargo: a restriction on the movement of ships into and out of ports

    • Communism: a political movement that supports a classless society and control of the economy and society by the government
    • Vocabulary
  4. Population = 11 million

    Slide 4 - Population = 11 million

    • Size = 42,000 sq. mi.
    • Slightly smaller than Pennsylvania
    • 93 miles away from U.S.
    • Official language: Spanish
    • Quick Facts
  5. Island surrounded by water

    Slide 5 - Island surrounded by water

    • 15th largest island in the world
    • White sand beaches
    • Mountains in SE
    • Physical Geography
  6. Climate

    Slide 6 - Climate

    • Warm, dry climate
    • Droughts and hurricanes common
  7. Cuba is run by the Communist Party

    Slide 7 - Cuba is run by the Communist Party

    • Communism means the government controls the economy and the society
    • The President of Cuba is Raul Castro (as of 2015)
    • Government
  8. Cuba has a state planned economy

    Slide 8 - Cuba has a state planned economy

    • Housing, health care, education and food credits are provided by the government
    • Exports: petroleum, sugar, tobacco, coffee, fish
    • The communist government prohibits most private business ownership, homeownership and travel.
    • Economy
  9. Since 1960, the U.S. has imposed an embargo on exports to Cuba because Cuba has not moved toward democratization and respect for human rights.

    Slide 9 - Since 1960, the U.S. has imposed an embargo on exports to Cuba because Cuba has not moved toward democratization and respect for human rights.

    • Between 2000 and 2015 the U.S. has lightened the restriction on exports and travel.
    • This embargo has impacted both the U.S. and Cuban economies as well as travel and the Cuban population.
    • EconomyU.S. Embargo
  10. Pre-Embargo Cars

    Slide 10 - Pre-Embargo Cars

  11. Historical Connection

    Slide 11 - Historical Connection

    • Under President John F. Kennedy
    • Bay of Pigs Invasion – 1961
    • The U.S. unsuccessfully invaded Cuba in an attempt to overthrow the communist government
    • Cuban Missile Crisis – October 1962
    • The USSR began sending nuclear weapons to Cuba
    • The U.S. used a naval blockade of Cuba to prevent the Soviets from finishing the missiles
    • This period of time was the closest the world came to nuclear war.
  12. Slide 12

    • Quick Check
    • The U.S. has imposed an embargo on Cuba since the 1960’s because of
    • Cuba’s human rights violations
    • The Cuban Communist Government
    • How close Cuba is to Florida
  13. Slide 13

    • The U.S. has imposed an embargo on Cuba since the 1960’s because of
    • Cuba’s human rights violations
    • The Cuban Communist Government
    • How close Cuba is to Florida
    • Quick Check
  14. Quick Check

    Slide 14 - Quick Check

    • What type of government does Cuba have?
    • Republic
    • Monarchy
    • Communist
  15. Quick Check

    Slide 15 - Quick Check

    • What type of government does Cuba have?
    • Republic
    • Monarchy
    • Communist
  16. Essential Question(s): What is the geography of Cuba like? What significant events have connected the U.S. and Cuba?

    Slide 16 - Essential Question(s): What is the geography of Cuba like? What significant events have connected the U.S. and Cuba?

    • By the end of the lesson, you should be able to explain the relationship between the U.S. and Cuba.
    • State Standards:
    • 7.1 - Basic Geographic Literacy
    • 7.2 - The Physical Characteristics of Places and Regions
    • 7.3.9.E - Explain the human characteristics of places and regions by their political activities.
    • Lesson Objectives
  17. Slide 17

    • The Americas
    • Canada and Mexico
    • South America
    • Central America
    • Physical Geography
    • Big Idea: How can you use the 5 themes of geography to learn about The Americas?
    • History, Culture Religion
    • Economy and Current Events
    • Physical Geography
    • History, Culture Religion
    • Economy and Current Events
    • Physical Geography
    • History, Culture Religion
    • Economy and Current Events