What were some of the key influences on the colonists' view of government?

What were some of the key influences on the colonists' view of government?

Magna CartaEnglish Bill of RightsMayflower CompactCommon Sense
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What were some of the key influences on the colonists' view of government?

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What were some of the key influences on the colonists' view of government?
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  1. What were some of the key influences on the colonists’ view of government?

    Slide 1 - What were some of the key influences on the colonists’ view of government?

    • SS.7.C.1.2 – Trace the impact that the Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Mayflower compact, and Thomas paine’s common sense had on Colonists’ views of government.
  2. Anticipation Guide

    Slide 2 - Anticipation Guide

    • What do I already know about these “big ideas” that are found in the Constitution?
  3. Clearing it all up

    Slide 3 - Clearing it all up

    • Make sure to
    • complete the other side of the chart
    • with the definition
    • I am about to provide you!
  4. Rule of Law

    Slide 5 - Rule of Law

    • A concept that those who govern are bound by the laws; no one is above the law.
    • HINT: Think about the sign that we all go UNDER when we enter the classroom.
  5. Self-Government

    Slide 7 - Self-Government

    • Popular or representative system where the people create and run their own government.
    • A government run by the people, or by representatives chosen by the people!
  6. Due Process

    Slide 9 - Due Process

    • The idea that people have the right to fair and reasonable laws, and that government leaders and officials have to follow rules when enforcing laws, and treat all people in the same way
    • Lets make sure we follow the system we have in place.
  7. Limited Government

    Slide 11 - Limited Government

    • A government that has been limited in power by a constitution, or written agreement.
    • This is why we write it down…. So it MUST be followed.
  8. Rights

    Slide 13 - Rights

    • A set of things that people believe they should be free to do without restrictions.
    • Life, liberty, property, and all those fun things we have talked about 
  9. Reading Introduction – page 36

    Slide 14 - Reading Introduction – page 36

  10. Consider this – Answer in your notebook

    Slide 15 - Consider this – Answer in your notebook

    • What is the main idea from the first two paragraphs?
    • What does this tell you about who influenced the colonists ideas about government?
  11. Task at hand

    Slide 16 - Task at hand

    • Continue reading about the 5 documents that influenced our founding fathers.
    • Make sure to text mark as you read.
    • Then compose a summary sentence about the document, list what big ideas are found in that document, and explain how the big idea is put to work in the document.
  12. Lets do the first one together!

    Slide 17 - Lets do the first one together!

  13. Time to break down what I read

    Slide 18 - Time to break down what I read

    • The Magna Carta’s main purpose was to limit the power of the king and protect certain rights for the nobles.
    • Limited Government
    • The Magna Carta limited the king’s power and provided the people with rights and due process.
  14. More about the Magna Carta

    Slide 19 - More about the Magna Carta

    • The Magna Carta provided the idea of limited government, but more specifically a limited monarchy. A limited monarchy is a system of government in which the king or queen shares authority with an elected legislature and agrees to be bound by a constitution or a set of laws.
  15. Repeat the process..

    Slide 21 - Repeat the process..

    • Before you continue the video, repeat this process for the following documents:
    • Mayflower Compact
    • English Bill of Rights
    • Cato’s Letters
    • Common Sense
  16. Mayflower Compact

    Slide 22 - Mayflower Compact

    • The Mayflower Compact was created to give the Puritans a government. A compact is an official agreement made by two or more parties.
    • Self-government
    • Through the Mayflower Compact, the puritans agreed to laws that will be followed by everyone and make sure that the new government will serve the common good.
  17. English Bill of Rights

    Slide 24 - English Bill of Rights

    • The English Bill of Rights expanded the rights of the parliament and the people and limited the rights of the king.
    • Rights
    • The English Bill of Rights created free elections, the right to bear arms, petition the government and a fair trial. It also ended excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment.
  18. Cato’s Letters

    Slide 26 - Cato’s Letters

    • Cato’s letters were newspaper editorials that focused on freedom of expression.
    • Rights
    • Cato’s Letters supported the right to freedom of expression and speech.
  19. Thomas Paine’s Common Sense

    Slide 28 - Thomas Paine’s Common Sense

    • Common Sense communicated the ideas for independence and made it easy to understand for everyday colonists.
    • Self-government, rights
    • Common sense supported the idea of the colonies being independent from England in order to self govern and protect their rights.
  20. Evaluate their Impact – page 39

    Slide 30 - Evaluate their Impact – page 39

  21. Evaluate their Impact – page 39

    Slide 31 - Evaluate their Impact – page 39

    • The Constitution is the supreme law of the land all government officials are required to follow the Constitution.
    • Rule of Law
    • Supreme law of the land, all government officials shall be bound
  22. Repeat the process..

    Slide 32 - Repeat the process..

    • Complete this process for the following four quotes.
  23. Checking your work – Quote 2

    Slide 33 - Checking your work – Quote 2

    • The Bill of Rights guarantees certain rights and freedoms
    • Rights
    • Bill of Rights guarantees certain rights and freedoms.
  24. Checking your work – Quote 3

    Slide 34 - Checking your work – Quote 3

    • The U.S. Constitution has three branches of government that are limited and can check each other.
    • Limited Government
    • Each branch is given the power to check, or limit the power of the other two.
  25. Checking your work – Quote 4

    Slide 35 - Checking your work – Quote 4

    • No person shall be deprived due process.
    • Due Process
    • Due process of law
  26. Checking your work – Quote 5

    Slide 36 - Checking your work – Quote 5

    • We the people establish the Constitution
    • Self-government
    • We the People
  27. Now we have come full circle!

    Slide 37 - Now we have come full circle!

    • The Preamble to the U.S. Constitution
    • We the people of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
  28. Check for Understanding

    Slide 38 - Check for Understanding

    • Essay Question:
    • Directions: In 2-3 paragraphs, answer the question below to the best of your ability.
    • Explain how the big ideas that emerged from the historical documents you read about in this lesson have been incorporated into the u.s. constitution.