Central America Panama Canal

MS Geography and Culture

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Central America Panama Canal

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MS Geography and Culture
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Slide Content
  1. What would be the fastest way to get from the red dot to the yellow dot by water?

    Slide 1 - What would be the fastest way to get from the red dot to the yellow dot by water?

    • New York to California
  2. Essential Question(s): What is the Panama Canal? Who built it and why?

    Slide 2 - Essential Question(s): What is the Panama Canal? Who built it and why?

    • By the end of the lesson, you should be able to explain the benefits of the Canal and the struggles that were overcome to build it.
    • State Standards:
    • 7.4 Interactions between people and places
    • 7.2 The Physical Characteristics of Places and Regions
    • Lesson Objectives
  3. The World’s Most Important Short-Cut

    Slide 3 - The World’s Most Important Short-Cut

  4. Slide 4

    • Canal: an area of water dug across land. It connects two bodies of water so that ships can travel between them
    • Isthmus: narrow strip of land that has water on both sides and connects two larger bodies of water
    • Vocabulary
  5. Imagine you owned a clothing business in NYC in the 1800s, and you wanted to get your clothes to a new store in California. How would you get them there?

    Slide 5 - Imagine you owned a clothing business in NYC in the 1800s, and you wanted to get your clothes to a new store in California. How would you get them there?

    • Consider the following:
    • There are no planes and trains are too expensive.
    • Sea travel around Cape Horn is very dangerous.
    • It will take months to travel by ship around the tip of South America.
    • Warm-Up
  6. Warm-Up

    Slide 6 - Warm-Up

    • If a canal was built on the isthmus between North and South America, the trip would be shortened by 8,000 miles!
  7. 1513 – Vasco Nunez de Balboa crossed the isthmus of Panama and became the first European to see the Pacific Ocean.

    Slide 7 - 1513 – Vasco Nunez de Balboa crossed the isthmus of Panama and became the first European to see the Pacific Ocean.

    • 1534 – The King of Spain wants to build a canal through Panama, but he didn’t know how to do it.
    • 1835 – France is given a permit to build the canal.
    • 1881 – France starts building the canal, but gives up after 8 years.
    • 1904 – The United States begins working on the canal.
    • 1914 – The Panama Canal is complete.
    • History
  8. What made France give up?

    Slide 8 - What made France give up?

    • On the next few slides, you will see images taken during the building of the canal.
    • Think about what challenges were faced while building a canal in Panama.
    • Why Did it Take So Long?
  9. Manual labor – 80,000 people worked on the project

    Slide 12 - Manual labor – 80,000 people worked on the project

    • Hot, humid, 100° temperatures
    • Over 5,000 people died
    • Disease – Malaria and Yellow Fever
    • So, What Made This Tough?
    • Spraying for mosquitos
  10. How Does the Canal Work?

    Slide 13 - How Does the Canal Work?

    • The Panama Canal was built to follow the natural rise and fall of the land – it was a major engineering project.
    • A lock system was built to raise and lower ships to get them over the hilly terrain between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
  11. The Panama Canal is 51 miles long.

    Slide 14 - The Panama Canal is 51 miles long.

    • Boats often wait in “traffic” for 20 hours during their return through the canal.
    • The 8 Hour Trip
  12. A Closer Look at the Lock System

    Slide 15 - A Closer Look at the Lock System

  13. What was the benefit to building the Panama Canal?

    Slide 16 - What was the benefit to building the Panama Canal?

    • Cheaper transporting of goods around the world
    • Less dangerous travel around Cape Horn
    • Faster transportation around the world
    • All of the above
    • Quick Check
  14. What was the benefit to building the Panama Canal?

    Slide 17 - What was the benefit to building the Panama Canal?

    • Cheaper transporting of goods around the world
    • Less dangerous travel around Cape Horn
    • Faster transportation around the world
    • All of the above
    • Quick Check
  15. What made the building of the Panama Canal so difficult?

    Slide 18 - What made the building of the Panama Canal so difficult?

    • Weather
    • Landscape
    • Physical work
    • Disease
    • Quick Check
  16. What made the building of the Panama Canal so difficult?

    Slide 19 - What made the building of the Panama Canal so difficult?

    • Weather
    • Landscape
    • Physical work
    • Disease
    • Quick Check
  17. Essential Question(s): What is the Panama Canal? Who built it and why?

    Slide 20 - Essential Question(s): What is the Panama Canal? Who built it and why?

    • By the end of the lesson, you should be able to explain the benefits of the Canal and the struggles that were overcome to build it.
    • State Standards:
    • 7.4 Interactions between people and places
    • 7.2 The Physical Characteristics of Places and Regions
    • Review Objectives
  18. Slide 21

    • The Americas
    • Canada and Mexico
    • South America
    • Central America
    • Physical Geography
    • Big Idea: How can you use the 5 themes of geography to learn about The Americas?
    • History, Culture Religion
    • Economy and Current Events
    • Physical Geography
    • History, Culture Religion
    • Economy and Current Events
    • Physical Geography
    • History, Culture Religion
    • Economy and Current Events