The Union’s Naval Blockade
Created 2 years ago
An 8th Grade History Presentation On The Civil War. Students from George McParland Elementary School.
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Slide 1 - By: Samantha Michelle Velasquez, Glenda Schaapman, Raica Titaco
- The Union’s Naval Blockade
Slide 2 - Translation: Fact number 1
- Glenda: While the two armies fought for control on land, the Union navy controlled the sea. With the North having most of the U.S. Navy’s small fleet, and having many experienced naval officers who remained loyal to the Union. Also having enough industry to build more ships, the North on the seas seemed impossible to defeat.
- Fact numero uno
Slide 3 - Fact #2: The Union quickly set up a blockade to prevent the South from selling or receiving good, which damaged the southern economy. It was hard to maintain the blockade however. Since the South made small, quick ships to travel to the Bahamas to buy supplies for the Confederacy. But the Union was able to reduce the number of ships from entering the southern ports from 6,000 to 800 per year.
Slide 4 - Fact #3: Hoping to take away the Union’s advantage at sea, the Confederacy turned to ironclads– ships heavily armored with iron. The Confederates had captured the Merrimack and turned it into an ironclad named Virginia. One Union sailor described the innovation as…
- Soldier: “a huge half-submerged crocodile.”
- Fact #4: In March 1862, the ironclad sailed into Hampton Roads, Virginia, an important waterway guarded by Union ships. The Virginia easily sank two of the Union wooden warships, while the Virginia itself received little damage. A Baltimore reporter predicted doom the next day…
Slide 7 - “There appeared no reason why the iron monster might not clear [Hampton] roads of our fleet, [and] destroy all the stores [supplies] and warehouses on the beach.”
Slide 8 - Soon the Union made their own ironclad, the Monitor, made by John Ericsson. His ship was unusual due to having revolving gun tower installed. Although small, it carried powerful guns and thick plating.
Slide 9 - When the Virginia returned to Hampton Roads, the Monitor was waiting. After hours of fighting, none of the ships were seriously damaged, but the Monitor forced the Virginia to withdraw. This victory continued the blockade and signaled a revolution in naval warfare.
- Another source based on the Union’s blockade strategy
Slide 11 - Hoped you enjoyed this presentation! (Hope you guys understand the Reference… :/)
Slide 12 - Drawings: Sam V.
- Video: Founded by Raica T. and Glenda S. Name: Blockade Runners in the American Civil War.
- Info: Glenda S., Raica T., and Sam V.
- Man Voice: Sam V.
- Pictures go to their rightful owners.
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