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Slide 1 - Stress
- Today I will be talking about stress and how it affects “everyone” and our daily lives…Stress is when physiological response is evoked from external stimuli. The stimuli can actually both be physiological and psychological this stress can either be long term or short term. Most people refer to stress as a feeling but it’s actually not, stress can quite easily affect a persons mental health.
Slide 2 - Two types of Stress?
- The are simply two types of stress, distress and eustress both of these types of stress can come from negative and positive situations, let me explain the difference…
- Distress comes from negative events such as- when one loses a loved one, loses one’s job, or hurting themselves
- Eustress occurs when one experiences positive events such as- riding a rollercoaster, getting the job, or accomplishing something
Slide 3 - Hans Seyles Adaptation Theory
- Alarm reaction- the first step of how the body and mind reacts to a stressor... When the flight response hormones are released and cause the body to have an adrenaline rush to help the person to deal/cope with the current situation.
- Adaptation reaction- this process is known as the recovery/resistance stage when the body starts to try to repair itself from that current stressful event.
- Exhaustion reaction- when the body has been drained of the energy/adrenaline rush from the current stressor.
Slide 4 - Example
- Alarm Stage Adaptation Exhaustion
Slide 5 - The “Fight or Flight Response”
- In the 1920’s, Physiologist Walter Cannon invented a theory based on how animals handle stress... He called his theory “The Fight or Flight Response.” He based this off of the behavior of the animals. When the reaction of stress is elicited there are chemicals/endorphins released such as cortisol, norepinephrine, and adrenaline of course. When this series of bodily functions occur the body has a increased heart rate, heavier and shorter breaths, and tightening of the muscles, due to this the body reacts to this rush by using it’s sudden rush of energy to either “fight or run away.”
Slide 6 - Stress Symptoms and Causes
- Heart attack
- Feelings of hopelessness
- Stomach Ulcers
- Blood clots
- Racing of the mind
- Increased or decrease of appetite
- Nervous habits
- Bad Immune system
- Chest pain
- Hard Time focusing
- Sense of being overwhelmed
Slide 7 - Ways to cope with Stress
- Always keep yourself distracted
- Take a walk
- Take a shower
- Talk to someone
- Listen to music
- Organize something
- Go to a trustworthy person
Slide 8 - Too much Stress?
- When you experience too much stress this is when a person might experience maladaptation which is pretty much mental and physical exhaustion.. Which can lead to chronic stress. Chronic stress can damage your tissues, thinking, memory, and can even contribute to arthritis/heart disease.
Slide 9 - References and Resources