Causes of the Civil War
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Slide 1 - Causes of the Civil War
- The North versus the South
Slide 2 - Missouri Compromise- 1820
- Missouri wanted to become a state that had slaves.
- Missouri was added as a slave state.
- Maine was added as a free state.
- No slavery north of latitude 36 30’ in the Louisiana Purchase
Slide 3 - Nat Turner’s Rebellion- 1831
- Nat Turner, with 60 other slaves, killed 50 people.
- Nat was executed for leading the rebellion.
- Slave owners were afraid.
- Slaves now had less rights.
Slide 4 - Compromise of 1850
- California became a free state.
- New Mexico, Nevada, Arizona, and Utah would decide if they wanted slaves or not.
- Fugitive Slave act said any slaves who escaped the South must be returned to their owners.
Slide 5 - Kansas-Nebraska Act- 1854
- The Missouri Compromise did not exist anymore.
- Kansas and Nebraska could decide themselves if they wanted slavery or not.
- Under the Missouri Compromise, Kansas and Nebraska would be free states, but now they didn’t have to be.
- This made Northern abolitionists angry.
Slide 6 - Dred Scott Decision- 1857
- Scott was a slave, he sued the government saying he should be free since his master took him to a territory that was free.
- The government said slaves were not U.S. citizens, and viewed as property or someone, just like a car.
- Since he was not a citizen, he could not sue the government. Think, can a car sue the government?
- Any law that prevented slavery was against the law.
Slide 7 - John Brown’s Raid- 1859
- John Brown was an abolitionist.
- Took control of a U.S. arsenal, killing civilians.
- Brown hoped it would cause a slave rebellion.
- There was no rebellion, but his raid made the slavery issue even greater of an issue.
Slide 8 - Presidential Election of 1860
- Became President of the United States.
- Wanted to ban slavery in all of the territories.
- Southern states did not like this idea at all.
- They were afraid he would try to abolish slavery all over the U.S.
Slide 9 - Civil War Begins-1861
- Southern states left the United States.
- The Southern states, also known as the Confederacy, attacked Fort Sumter in North Carolina.
- Americans were shooting Americans.
- The Civil War had started.