Science vs Technology

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Science vs Technology

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  1. Technology and Science

    Slide 1 - Technology and Science

  2. The Study of Technology

    Slide 2 - The Study of Technology

    • Many countries in the world have been and are now implementing the study of technology.
  3. In the United States as well as in other countries, there is confusion about the term “technology.”

    Slide 3 - In the United States as well as in other countries, there is confusion about the term “technology.”

  4. In 2001 and 2004 polls conducted in the US found a majority of Americans (62% in 2004 and 59% in 2001) responded that science and technology are basically one and the same thing.

    Slide 4 - In 2001 and 2004 polls conducted in the US found a majority of Americans (62% in 2004 and 59% in 2001) responded that science and technology are basically one and the same thing.

  5. When asked how important it is for high school students to understand the relationship between science and technology, 98% of the Americans stated that they thought that this was “very or somewhat important”.

    Slide 5 - When asked how important it is for high school students to understand the relationship between science and technology, 98% of the Americans stated that they thought that this was “very or somewhat important”.

  6. Most Americans (68% in 2004 & 67% in 2001) view technology very narrowly as being computers, electronics, and the internet.

    Slide 6 - Most Americans (68% in 2004 & 67% in 2001) view technology very narrowly as being computers, electronics, and the internet.

  7.  There was near total  consensus (98% in 2004 & 97% in 2001) in the public sampled that schools should include the study of technology in the curriculum.

    Slide 7 - There was near total consensus (98% in 2004 & 97% in 2001) in the public sampled that schools should include the study of technology in the curriculum.

  8. What is Science?

    Slide 8 - What is Science?

    • What is Technology?
  9. Science seeks to understand the natural world.

    Slide 9 - Science seeks to understand the natural world.

    • National Science Education Standards, National Research Council, 1996.
  10. Science

    Slide 10 - Science

    • The goal of science is often to describe, explain, and predict relationships that occur naturally.
    • In other words, science tries to explain objects and events.
    • E.g., How do changes in the kind of soil affect how abundantly mushrooms grow?
  11. What is Technology?

    Slide 11 - What is Technology?

    • It is the innovation, change, or modification of the natural environment in order to satisfy perceived human wants and needs. (Standards for Technological Literacy, ITEA, 2000)
    • The goal of technology is to make modifications in the world to meet human needs. (National Science Education Standards, NRC, 1996)
  12. What is Technology ? (Continued)

    Slide 12 - What is Technology ? (Continued)

    • In the broadest sense, technology extends our abilities to change the world: to cut, shape, or put together materials; to move things from one place to another; to reach farther with our hands, voices, and senses. (Benchmarks for Science Literacy, AAAS, 1993)
    • Technology is the process by which humans modify nature to meet their needs and wants. (Technically Speaking: Why All Americans Need to Know More About Technology, NAE/NRC, 2002)
  13. Technology

    Slide 13 - Technology

    • The goal of technology is to try and change the relationship that exists to achieve desirable results.
    • In other words, technology tries to change objects and events.
    • E.g., how can we stop mushrooms from growing on lawns?
  14.  Science     vs.    Technology

    Slide 14 - Science vs. Technology

    • Deals with the natural world.
    • Is very concerned with what is (exists) in the natural world. (i.e.: Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Astronomy, Geology, etc.)
    • Deals with how humans modify, change, alter, or control the natural world.
    • Is very concerned with what can or should be designed, made, or developed from natural world materials and substances to satisfy human needs and wants
  15. Science     vs.    Technology (Continued)

    Slide 15 - Science vs. Technology (Continued)

    • Is concerned with processes that seek out the meaning of the natural world by “inquiry”, “discovering what is”, “exploring”, and using “the Scientific Method”.
    • Is concerned with such processes that we use to alter/change the natural world such as “Invention”, Innovation”, Practical Problem Solving, and Design.
  16. Example: Science vs. Technology

    Slide 16 - Example: Science vs. Technology

    • How do changes in the kind of soil affect how abundantly mushrooms grow?
    • How can we stop mushrooms from growing on lawns?
  17. Science vs. Technology

    Slide 17 - Science vs. Technology

    • A scientist would attempt to explain how the changes in soil affect how abundantly mushrooms grow.
    • A technologist would attempt to develop ways to stop mushroom growth on lawns.
    • These fields have much in common. Often the information gathered by the scientist is used by the technologist to make a useful product.
  18. While technology and science have a common denominator being the natural world, they are similar yet very different.

    Slide 18 - While technology and science have a common denominator being the natural world, they are similar yet very different.

    • Technology is not any more “applied science” than science is “applied technology”.
  19. Environment

    Slide 19 - Environment

    • Science and technology have many impacts, both positive and negative, on the environment.
    • Example:
    • How will the environment be affected by the scientific and technological ideas of airplanes?
  20. Affects on the Environment

    Slide 20 - Affects on the Environment

    • Increased pollution
    • Increased use of fuel
    • As humans travel globally they carry and spread disease from one area of the world to another.
    • Ecosystems destroyed to build runways.
    • Affects of pesticides on organisms other than the crops sprayed.