Fundamental Political Principles

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Fundamental Political Principles

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  1. Slide 1

    • Fundamental Political Principles
  2. Students will understand the foundations of American constitutional government by

    Slide 2 - Students will understand the foundations of American constitutional government by

    • Explaining the Fundamental political principles of
    • Consent of the Governed
    • Limited Government
    • Rule of Law
    • Democracy
    • Representative Government
  3. Fundamental – forming a necessary base or core; of central importance

    Slide 3 - Fundamental – forming a necessary base or core; of central importance

    • Principle - a comprehensive and fundamental law, doctrine, or assumption
    • What is a Fundamental Principle?
  4. Fundamental Political Principles define and shape American constitutional government.

    Slide 4 - Fundamental Political Principles define and shape American constitutional government.

  5. Consent of the Governed

    Slide 6 - Consent of the Governed

    • Defined: The people are the source of any and all government power
    • Vocabulary
    • Consent – to give permission
    • Governed – Refers to the people/society that political power will be exercised over
  6. Slide 7

    • The government’s right to role is only justified when the people have given them this power.
    • How would you caption this picture?
  7. Slide 8

    • This principle was stressed with the founding of our country.
    • We started this country with the phrase “WE THE PEOPLE” which showed that the power of government comes from the people
    • What document is pictured above?
  8. Defined: Government is not all-powerful and may do only those things the people have given it the power to do.

    Slide 10 - Defined: Government is not all-powerful and may do only those things the people have given it the power to do.

    • Limited Government
  9. Slide 11

    • The government is limited in its actions and what it can or can’t do.
    • “Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely.” Lord Acton
  10. These limits can be found in the U.S. Constitution.

    Slide 12 - These limits can be found in the U.S. Constitution.

    • Article 1 Section 9 denies certain powers to congress
    • Due Process
    • Ex Post Facto Laws
    • Bills of Attainder
    • Write of Habeas Corpus
  11. Rule of Law

    Slide 14 - Rule of Law

    • Defined: The government and those who govern are bound by the law, as are those who are governed.
    • Vocabulary
    • Those who govern – refers to those who are in the government
    • Governed – refers to the people that are ruled by the government
    • Bound - under a legal or moral obligation
  12. Defined: In a democratic system of government, the people rule.

    Slide 17 - Defined: In a democratic system of government, the people rule.

    • Democracy
  13. In a democratic system of government, the people rule.

    Slide 18 - In a democratic system of government, the people rule.

    • Democracy
  14. Representative Government

    Slide 21 - Representative Government

    • Defined: In a representative system of government, the people elect officeholders to make laws and conduct government on the people’s behalf.
    • Vocabulary
    • Officeholders – someone that holds political office (Senator, Mayor, etc.)
    • Conduct – to direct in action
    • Behalf – to do for someone, in their interests
  15. We elect people to make laws and carry out the actions of government for us.

    Slide 22 - We elect people to make laws and carry out the actions of government for us.

    • The government officials are to represent us. (work for us and conduct government in our interest)
  16. Slide 24

    • 5 Political Principles
    • Rule of Law
    • Consent of the Governed
    • Limited Government
    • Democracy
    • Representative Government