June 15th Lesson
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Slide 1 - Mental Health
- Stress and Mental Disorders
Slide 2 - STRESS AND YOUR BODY
- Personal Fitness and Health (2015)
Slide 4 - ALARM
- The fight or flight response is the most common type of alarm stage. This is when the sympathetic nervous system releases the chemicals epinephrine and norepinephrine, which prepare the body for action by increasing heart rate, breathing, alertness, and muscle response, and the hormone cortisol, which speeds up the body's metabolism. These actions get the body ready to confront a threat such as an alarming sound (fight) or escape from it (flight).
Slide 5 - RESISTANCE
- Resistance: The body usually adapts to a prolonged stressor, such as an upcoming final, by entering the stage of resistance. During resistance, the body's systems return to normal, but remain alert.
Slide 6 - EXHAUSTION
- Exhaustion: Following resistance, the body enters exhaustion, at which point it can no longer resist the stressor. Repeated exposure to this response can cause mental and physical damage.
Slide 7 - Stress and Performance
Slide 8 - Two Different types of Stress
- GOOD STRESS= EUSTRESS
- Necessary to achieve goals and be successful
- BAD STRESS = DISTRESS
- Can keep you from meeting goals, cause illness, and anxiety.
Slide 9 - STRESS IS EVERYWHERE
- It is all in how you handle your stress. Your level of happiness and success can directly relate to how you handle and deal with stress. It is about adapting, using resources and using stress to meet your optimal level of performance.
Slide 10 - STRESS AND ILLNESS
- Exposure to chronic stress may results in permanent or at the very least long-term psychological, biological, or behavioral responses that alter the progression of illness (Cohen et. al., 1995). Cohen et. al. (1998) found that those who had either a work related or interpersonal chronic stressors (defined as stress lasting one month or longer) had an increased risk of developing colds compared to those who had no chronic stressor. In addition, the longer the stress endured, the more likely a person was to become ill. Cohen, Doyle, and Skoner (1999) found that psychological stress predicted a greater expression of illness and a greater production of interleukin-6 in response to an upper respiratory infection. Finally, Zarski (1984) found no correlation between life experiences and health status.
Slide 11 - STRESS MANAGEMENT
- 1. Organize Yourself.Take better control of the way you're spending your time and energy so you can handle stress more effectively.
- 2. Control Your Environment by controlling who and what is surrounding you.In this way, you can either get rid of stress or get support for yourself.
- 3. Love Yourself by giving yourself positive feedback.Remember, you are a unique individual who is doing the best you can.
Slide 12 - STRESS MANAGEMENT
- 4. Reward Yourself by planning leisure activities into your life.It really helps to have something to look forward to.
- 5. Exercise Your Body since your health and productivity depend upon your body's ability to bring oxygen and food to its cells.Therefore, exercise your heart and lungs regularly, a minimum of three days per week for 15-30 minutes. This includes such activities as walking, jogging, cycling, swimming, aerobics, etc.
- 6. Relax Yourself by taking your mind off your stress and concentrating on breathing and positive thoughts.Dreaming counts, along with meditation, progressive relaxation, exercise, listening to relaxing music, communicating with friends and loved ones, etc.
Slide 13 - STRESS MANAGEMENT
- 7. Rest Yourself as regularly as possible.Sleep 7-8 hours a night. Take study breaks. There is only so much your mind can absorb at one time. It needs time to process and integrate information. A general rule of thumb: take a ten minute break every hour. Rest your eyes as well as your mind.
- 8. Be Aware of Yourself.Be aware of distress signals such as insomnia, headaches, anxiety, upset stomach, lack of concentration, colds/flu, excessive tiredness, etc. Remember, these can be signs of potentially more serious disorders (i.e., ulcers, hypertension, heart disease).
Slide 14 - STRESS MANAGEMENT
- 9. Feed Yourself / Do Not Poison Your Body.Eat a balanced diet. Avoid high calorie foods that are high in fats and sugar. Don't depend on drugs and/or alcohol. Caffeine will keep you awake, but it also makes it harder for some to concentrate. Remember, a twenty minute walk has been proven to be a better tranquilizer than some prescription drugs.
- 10. Enjoy Yourself.It has been shown that happier people tend to live longer, have less physical problems, and are more productive. Look for the humor in life when things don't make sense. Remember, you are very special and deserve only the best treatment from yourself.
Slide 15 - Mental Illness
- Every year, about 42.5 million American adults (or 18.2 percent of the total adult population in the United States) suffers from some mental illness.
Slide 16 - What is a Stigma?
- A mark of disgrace that sets a person apart. When a person is labelled by their illness they are seen as part of a stereotyped group. Negative attitudes create prejudice which leads to negative actions and discrimination.
Slide 17 - How does this stigma effect a person suffering from a mental illness?
- misrepresentation in the media
- reluctance to seek and/or accept necessary help
Slide 18 - What can be done to challenge or change a stigma?
- IT ALL STARTS WITH ACCEPTANCE AND CONVERSATIONS.
Slide 19 - It is time for you to play a role in awareness!!!!
- Mental Illness Creative Awareness Activity
- I am giving you a lot of freedom to choose which type of media you bring awareness to a mental disorder to.
- 30 to 60 second Public Service Announcement
- If you have another idea that is not listed just email the proposal to me and I will approve it.
Slide 20 - The Objective
- To bring awareness to the public about a specific mental illness
- To provide resources and support for those suffering from this mental illness
- To education your audience on how a specific mental illness effects a person suffering from it.
- Mental Illness’s to choose from:
- Depression Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- Bipolar disorder Schizophrenia
- Post-traumatic stress Eating Disorders (anorexia, bulimia, binge eating)
Slide 21 - Resources
- National Institute of Mental Health
- Mayo Clinic
- National Alliance for Mental Health
- You may use any sources you would like for pictures, images, statistics, and support resources.
Slide 22 - Grading Rubric