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Slide 1 - Choice Theory & Reality Therapy
Slide 2 - William Glasser (1925-2013)
- Trained as a Psychiatrist but considered himself a counselor.
- Believed we are all responsible for what we choose
- Developed system of Reality Therapy based on this idea.
- Developed Choice Theory which is the theoretical basis for Reality Therapy explaining how and why we function.
- Did not believe in diagnoses or in the use of psychiatric medications.
Slide 3 - 5 Key Concepts of Choice Theory
- Basic Needs
- The Quality World
- Reality and Perception
- Comparing Place
- Total Behavior
Slide 4 - Five Basic Needs
- We are born with 5 genetically encoded needs that drive us
- Survival-Physical and biological needs ie; food, water, shelter, safety, security, sleep
- Love and Belonging-Feeling loved, loving other and feeling unconditionally accepted
- Need for Power- Feeling control over our own lives, feelings of competence, and feelings of achievement
- Need for Freedom-Having control over ones own life, being free from the control of others
- Need for Fun or Enjoyment-Everyone desires it
- Everyone has all 5 needs but they vary in strength
- All behavior is purposeful, motivated by our incessant desire to satisfy these basic needs
Slide 5 - The Quality World
- Every person develops a unique Quality World
- This Quality World is the source of all motivation
- As we live our lives and interact with people we store information.
- This information consisting of the people, activities, values and beliefs that are most important to us make up our Quality World.
- Everything we place in our Quality World is need satisfying.
Slide 6 - Reality and Perception
- Choice Theory contends that what matters is our perception of reality
- We behave on what we perceive to be real, whether we are right or wrong
Slide 7 - The Comparing Place
- Our brain continually compares two images
- Our perception of reality
- Our Quality World picture of what we want at that moment
- The purpose of all behavior is to create a match between what we perceive and what we want
- When there is a match, we will maintain the behaviors we have chosen
- When there is enough of a mismatch to cause internal discomfort, we automatically search for new behaviors that will create the match we seek.
Slide 8 - Total Behavior
- All behavior has 4 inseparable but distinct components
- When we change any one component of behavior the other components change as well
- Choice Theory emphasizes thinking and acting; the two easiest components to control directly
- By choosing to act and/or think differently, our feelings and physiology automatically change
- Practitioners of Choice Theory help people choose responsible actions and thoughts that lead them to feel better and that positively impact their physiology.
Slide 9 - Choice Theory Overall
- The behavior we display in any context is the behavior that would provide the most satisfaction at that point in time.
- Our basic needs drive our choices, we choose to behave in a way that will satisfy one or more of our basic needs.
- Essentially the only behavior we can control is our own.
Slide 11 - Characteristics of Reality Therapy
- Emphasize Choice and Responsibility
- Therapists focus on the areas where clients have choice.
- When clients choose meaningful activities it gets them closer to the people they need to help fulfill their need for love and belonging or power.
- Changing their actions and fulfilling their needs helps client change how they feel about themselves which in turn leads them to choose more effective and less self-destructive behaviors.
- Keep the Therapy in the present
- Clients need to focus on the present.
- To live and plan now to create a better future.
- We can only satisfy our needs in the present.
Slide 12 - Characteristics continued
- Reject Transference
- Therapist must be themselves 100%
- Avoid focusing on Symptoms
- Reality Therapy focuses on the total behavior the client is currently choosing.
- Reality Therapists devote little time to past failures.
- They feel the more time spent looking back is time spent avoiding looking forward.
- By focusing on present problems, especially interpersonal concerns, therapy can be shortened considerably
Slide 13 - Therapeutic Goals
- A primary goal of contemporary reality therapy is to help clients get connected with the people they have chosen to put in their quality world.
- Another goal is to help clients learn better ways of fulfilling all of their needs.
- Reality Therapists assist clients in making more effective and responsible choices related to their wants and needs.
Slide 14 - The Only Person You Can Control Is Yourself