Choice Theory


Choice Theory

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  1. Choice Theory & Reality Therapy

    Slide 1 - Choice Theory & Reality Therapy

  2. William Glasser (1925-2013)

    Slide 2 - William Glasser (1925-2013)

    • Trained as a Psychiatrist but considered himself a counselor.
    • Believed we are all responsible for what we choose
    • Developed system of Reality Therapy based on this idea.
    • Developed Choice Theory which is the theoretical basis for Reality Therapy explaining how and why we function.
    • Did not believe in diagnoses or in the use of psychiatric medications.
  3. 5 Key Concepts of Choice Theory

    Slide 3 - 5 Key Concepts of Choice Theory

    • Basic Needs
    • The Quality World
    • Reality and Perception
    • Comparing Place
    • Total Behavior
  4.  Five Basic Needs

    Slide 4 - Five Basic Needs

    • We are born with 5 genetically encoded needs that drive us
    • Survival-Physical and biological needs ie; food, water, shelter, safety, security, sleep
    • Love and Belonging-Feeling loved, loving other and feeling unconditionally accepted
    • Need for Power- Feeling control over our own lives, feelings of competence, and feelings of achievement
    • Need for Freedom-Having control over ones own life, being free from the control of others
    • Need for Fun or Enjoyment-Everyone desires it
    • Everyone has all 5 needs but they vary in strength
    • All behavior is purposeful, motivated by our incessant desire to satisfy these basic needs
  5. The Quality World

    Slide 5 - The Quality World

    • Every person develops a unique Quality World
    • This Quality World is the source of all motivation
    • As we live our lives and interact with people we store information.
    • This information consisting of the people, activities, values and beliefs that are most important to us make up our Quality World.
    • Everything we place in our Quality World is need satisfying.
  6. Reality and Perception

    Slide 6 - Reality and Perception

    • Choice Theory contends that what matters is our perception of reality
    • We behave on what we perceive to be real, whether we are right or wrong
  7. The Comparing Place

    Slide 7 - The Comparing Place

    • Our brain continually compares two images
    • Our perception of reality
    • Our Quality World picture of what we want at that moment
    • The purpose of all behavior is to create a match between what we perceive and what we want
    • When there is a match, we will maintain the behaviors we have chosen
    • When there is enough of a mismatch to cause internal discomfort, we automatically search for new behaviors that will create the match we seek.
  8. Total Behavior

    Slide 8 - Total Behavior

    • All behavior has 4 inseparable but distinct components
    • Acting
    • Thinking
    • Feeling
    • Physiology
    • When we change any one component of behavior the other components change as well
    • Choice Theory emphasizes thinking and acting; the two easiest components to control directly
    • By choosing to act and/or think differently, our feelings and physiology automatically change
    • Practitioners of Choice Theory help people choose responsible actions and thoughts that lead them to feel better and that positively impact their physiology.
  9. Choice Theory Overall

    Slide 9 - Choice Theory Overall

    • The behavior we display in any context is the behavior that would provide the most satisfaction at that point in time.
    • Our basic needs drive our choices, we choose to behave in a way that will satisfy one or more of our basic needs.
    • Essentially the only behavior we can control is our own.
  10. Characteristics of Reality Therapy

    Slide 11 - Characteristics of Reality Therapy

    • Emphasize Choice and Responsibility
    • Therapists focus on the areas where clients have choice.
    • When clients choose meaningful activities it gets them closer to the people they need to help fulfill their need for love and belonging or power.
    • Changing their actions and fulfilling their needs helps client change how they feel about themselves which in turn leads them to choose more effective and less self-destructive behaviors.
    • Keep the Therapy in the present
    • Clients need to focus on the present.
    • To live and plan now to create a better future.
    • We can only satisfy our needs in the present.
  11. Characteristics continued

    Slide 12 - Characteristics continued

    • Reject Transference
    • Therapist must be themselves 100%
    • Avoid focusing on Symptoms
    • Reality Therapy focuses on the total behavior the client is currently choosing.
    • Reality Therapists devote little time to past failures.
    • They feel the more time spent looking back is time spent avoiding looking forward.
    • By focusing on present problems, especially interpersonal concerns, therapy can be shortened considerably
  12. Therapeutic Goals

    Slide 13 - Therapeutic Goals

    • A primary goal of contemporary reality therapy is to help clients get connected with the people they have chosen to put in their quality world.
    • Another goal is to help clients learn better ways of fulfilling all of their needs.
    • Reality Therapists assist clients in making more effective and responsible choices related to their wants and needs.
  13. The Only Person You Can Control Is Yourself

    Slide 14 - The Only Person You Can Control Is Yourself