8 The Gospel of John

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8 The Gospel of John

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  1. 2015 Spring Study

    Slide 1 - 2015 Spring Study

    • “Preparing For The Future”
    • Session 8:
    • Survey of The New Testament
  2. Tonight’s Session

    Slide 2 - Tonight’s Session

    • Review Session 7
    • Matthew
    • Mark
    • Luke
  3.  THE INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BIBLE ENCYCLOPEDIA                    FULLY REVISED AND ILLUSTRATED, Originally Published in Four Volumes, GENERAL EDITOR, Geoffrey W. Bromiley, Church History and Doctrine, ASSOCIATE EDITORS, Everett F. Harrison, New Testament, Roland K. Harrison, Old Testament, William Sanford LaSor, Biblical Geography and Archeology, CONSULTING EDITORS, Lawrence T. Geraty, Archeology, Gerald H. Wilson, Old Testament, PROJECT EDITOR, Edgar W. Smith, Jr., WILLIAM B. EERDMANS PUBLISHING COMPANY, Grand Rapids, Michigan

    Slide 4 - THE INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BIBLE ENCYCLOPEDIA FULLY REVISED AND ILLUSTRATED, Originally Published in Four Volumes, GENERAL EDITOR, Geoffrey W. Bromiley, Church History and Doctrine, ASSOCIATE EDITORS, Everett F. Harrison, New Testament, Roland K. Harrison, Old Testament, William Sanford LaSor, Biblical Geography and Archeology, CONSULTING EDITORS, Lawrence T. Geraty, Archeology, Gerald H. Wilson, Old Testament, PROJECT EDITOR, Edgar W. Smith, Jr., WILLIAM B. EERDMANS PUBLISHING COMPANY, Grand Rapids, Michigan

  4. I. Characteristics. — John's Gospel differs markedly from the other three. Though they have their differences and each has a character of its own, Matthew, Mark, and Luke all give us recognizably the same picture (as the name "Synoptic" indicates). But John does not fit into their scheme of things even though his book is sufficiently like theirs to be included in the class of writings known as "Gospels."

    Slide 5 - I. Characteristics. — John's Gospel differs markedly from the other three. Though they have their differences and each has a character of its own, Matthew, Mark, and Luke all give us recognizably the same picture (as the name "Synoptic" indicates). But John does not fit into their scheme of things even though his book is sufficiently like theirs to be included in the class of writings known as "Gospels."

  5. It has often been pointed out that there is not much movement in John. He does not give us a picture of the development either of the teaching of Jesus or of the growth of the opposition. The Synoptists do not do this as fully or as clearly as modern scholars would like, but at least there are some indications of development. Thus Peter's confession at Caesarea Philippi is a significant turning point, Jesus' later predictions of the Passion mark an advance on His earlier teaching, etc.

    Slide 6 - It has often been pointed out that there is not much movement in John. He does not give us a picture of the development either of the teaching of Jesus or of the growth of the opposition. The Synoptists do not do this as fully or as clearly as modern scholars would like, but at least there are some indications of development. Thus Peter's confession at Caesarea Philippi is a significant turning point, Jesus' later predictions of the Passion mark an advance on His earlier teaching, etc.

  6. I. In John there are fewer indications of the way the history developed (though it would not be true to say that there is none; John does have his hints at the way the events unfolded). He prefers to concentrate on the significance of what happened and of what Jesus taught. It matters more to him to convey meaning than to give precise indications of how Jesus' teaching progressed and how the Jewish opposition to Him grew.

    Slide 7 - I. In John there are fewer indications of the way the history developed (though it would not be true to say that there is none; John does have his hints at the way the events unfolded). He prefers to concentrate on the significance of what happened and of what Jesus taught. It matters more to him to convey meaning than to give precise indications of how Jesus' teaching progressed and how the Jewish opposition to Him grew.

  7. John begins with a prologue that is unlike anything in the Synoptics. There is dispute about whether John wrote it, or found it and incorporated it, and even whether it should be understood as prose or as poetry. There is a good deal of subjective reasoning in all such discussions. As it stands the prologue introduces in impressive fashion some of the great thoughts that will be developed as the story unfolds.

    Slide 8 - John begins with a prologue that is unlike anything in the Synoptics. There is dispute about whether John wrote it, or found it and incorporated it, and even whether it should be understood as prose or as poetry. There is a good deal of subjective reasoning in all such discussions. As it stands the prologue introduces in impressive fashion some of the great thoughts that will be developed as the story unfolds.

  8. John has a short section on Christian beginnings (1:19-51) in which he tells us something of the witness of John the Baptist and of the call of Jesus' first disciples. Then he has a long section in which he deals with some of the things Jesus said and did during His public ministry (2-12). This includes accounts of seven miracles, which John calls "signs" (Gk. s¢meía), and seven discourses, i.e., discussions with individuals (Nicodemus, the woman at the well) and groups (in the synagogue at Capernaum or the temple

    Slide 9 - John has a short section on Christian beginnings (1:19-51) in which he tells us something of the witness of John the Baptist and of the call of Jesus' first disciples. Then he has a long section in which he deals with some of the things Jesus said and did during His public ministry (2-12). This includes accounts of seven miracles, which John calls "signs" (Gk. s¢meía), and seven discourses, i.e., discussions with individuals (Nicodemus, the woman at the well) and groups (in the synagogue at Capernaum or the temple

  9. He proceeds to tell what happened in the upper room on the night before the crucifixion (13-17). The Synoptists, of course, give information about this evening, but John's account is for the most part unparalleled. Though his account is clearly the most detailed, he has puzzled all subsequent generations by omitting anything about the Last Supper. He proceeds to a narrative of the crucifixion and resurrection (18-20), where his account has its distinctives, notably in giving a good deal of information

    Slide 10 - He proceeds to tell what happened in the upper room on the night before the crucifixion (13-17). The Synoptists, of course, give information about this evening, but John's account is for the most part unparalleled. Though his account is clearly the most detailed, he has puzzled all subsequent generations by omitting anything about the Last Supper. He proceeds to a narrative of the crucifixion and resurrection (18-20), where his account has its distinctives, notably in giving a good deal of information

  10. about the Roman trial of Jesus and some beautiful resurrection stories. Chapter 21 is an epilogue, which some think was appended by the original author, others by someone else. All this adds up to a Gospel that has had a wide appeal to Christians through-out the world and throughout the centuries. It is perhaps the most influential book that has ever been written.

    Slide 11 - about the Roman trial of Jesus and some beautiful resurrection stories. Chapter 21 is an epilogue, which some think was appended by the original author, others by someone else. All this adds up to a Gospel that has had a wide appeal to Christians through-out the world and throughout the centuries. It is perhaps the most influential book that has ever been written.

    • It is written very simply. Not uncommonly the beginner in Greek starts with this Gospel and finds it no great problem. In translation the
  11. humble and unlearned have always known how to listen to these words and they have testified that in them they have found their deep needs met. But at the same time the simple language is profound. This Gospel presents the scholar with some of the most difficult problems in NT study. Perhaps it is the combination of simplicity and profundity that makes it so great.

    Slide 12 - humble and unlearned have always known how to listen to these words and they have testified that in them they have found their deep needs met. But at the same time the simple language is profound. This Gospel presents the scholar with some of the most difficult problems in NT study. Perhaps it is the combination of simplicity and profundity that makes it so great.

    • The discourses present a particular problem because there is nothing like them in the other Gospels. There Jesus teaches mostly by parables
  12. and aphorisms. It would not be true to say that either is completely lacking in John, but it is certainly the case that the overall impression left is quite different. It is possible that here we have an aspect of Jesus' teaching which the Synoptists have not recorded. After all, any great teacher has different styles for different audiences, and it is not easy to think that the mind of Jesus was such that it could not encompass the Johannine discourses as well as the Synoptic teaching. It also must be

    Slide 13 - and aphorisms. It would not be true to say that either is completely lacking in John, but it is certainly the case that the overall impression left is quite different. It is possible that here we have an aspect of Jesus' teaching which the Synoptists have not recorded. After all, any great teacher has different styles for different audiences, and it is not easy to think that the mind of Jesus was such that it could not encompass the Johannine discourses as well as the Synoptic teaching. It also must be

  13. remembered that, while in all probability Jesus spoke in Aramaic, what He said is reported in Greek. The Evangelist has translated what Jesus said, so that the final choice of words is his and not that of the Master. This does not mean that he has not faithfully reproduced the teaching, for it is possible for a translator to be accurate. But it does mean that we must allow for John's preference for various idioms and expressions.

    Slide 14 - remembered that, while in all probability Jesus spoke in Aramaic, what He said is reported in Greek. The Evangelist has translated what Jesus said, so that the final choice of words is his and not that of the Master. This does not mean that he has not faithfully reproduced the teaching, for it is possible for a translator to be accurate. But it does mean that we must allow for John's preference for various idioms and expressions.

    • Some find a problem with the ideas rather than the language. Here we should notice that John has a good
  14. deal to say about a variety of topics which receive little attention in the Synoptics. Thus he tells us a good deal more than they do about the Holy Spirit, particularly in the farewell discourse. He has much to say about light and life and love, about abiding in Christ, about believing in Him, about the world. But especially important under this heading is what he has to say about the Son and about the Father. The person of the Son looms large for John, and indeed he states that he writes that his readers may believe that Jesus is the Christ, God's Son, and thus enter into life

    Slide 15 - deal to say about a variety of topics which receive little attention in the Synoptics. Thus he tells us a good deal more than they do about the Holy Spirit, particularly in the farewell discourse. He has much to say about light and life and love, about abiding in Christ, about believing in Him, about the world. But especially important under this heading is what he has to say about the Son and about the Father. The person of the Son looms large for John, and indeed he states that he writes that his readers may believe that Jesus is the Christ, God's Son, and thus enter into life

  15. (20:31). It is integral to this Gospel that in Jesus we see God incarnate ("the Word was made flesh"), that it is only through Him that we know God as He is, and that it is in Jesus that God has worked out the salvation of mankind. John sees eternal life as closely bound up with the mission of Jesus and specifically as something accomplished by His death (3:16).

    Slide 16 - (20:31). It is integral to this Gospel that in Jesus we see God incarnate ("the Word was made flesh"), that it is only through Him that we know God as He is, and that it is in Jesus that God has worked out the salvation of mankind. John sees eternal life as closely bound up with the mission of Jesus and specifically as something accomplished by His death (3:16).

    • JOHN WROTE THIS GOSPEL FROM EPHSESUS SOMETIME BETWEEN 90 AND 100 AD
  16. JOHN 1:1-5

    Slide 17 - JOHN 1:1-5

    • JOHN
    • The Eternal Word
    • (Gen 1:1-2:3)
    • In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made. 4 In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. 5 And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend* it.
  17. JOHN 1:1-5

    Slide 18 - JOHN 1:1-5

    • Genesis 1:1-5
    • 1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. 2 The earth was without form, and void; and darkness was* on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.
    • 3 Then God said, "Let there be light"; and there was light. 4 And God saw the light, that it was good; and God divided the light from the darkness. 5 God called the light Day, and the darkness He called Night. So the evening and the morning were the first day.
  18. John 2:13-17

    Slide 21 - John 2:13-17

    • 3 Now the Passover of the Jews was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14 And He found in the temple those who sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers doing business. 15 When He had made a whip of cords, He drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and the oxen, and poured out the changers' money and overturned the tables. 16 And He said to those who sold doves, "Take these things away! Do not make My Father's house a house of merchandise!" 17 Then His disciples remembered that it was written, "Zeal for Your house has eaten* Me up."*
  19. Matt 21:12-13

    Slide 22 - Matt 21:12-13

    • Jesus Cleanses the Temple
    • (Mark 11:15-19; Luke 19:45-48; John 2:13-22)
    • 12 Then Jesus went into the temple of God* and drove out all those who bought and sold in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who sold doves. 13 And He said to them, "It is written, 'My house shall be called a house of prayer,'* but you have made it a 'den of thieves.'"*
  20. Deuteronomy 14:22-27

    Slide 24 - Deuteronomy 14:22-27

    • 22 "You shall truly tithe all the increase of your grain that the field produces year by year. 23 And you shall eat before the Lord your God, in the place where He chooses to make His name abide, the tithe of your grain and your new wine and your oil, of the firstborn of your herds and your flocks, that you may learn to fear the Lord your God always. 24 But if the journey is too long for you, so that you are not able to carry the tithe, or if the place where the Lord your God chooses to put His name is too far from you, when the Lord your God has blessed you, 25 then you shall exchange it for money, take the money in your hand, and go to the place which the Lord your God chooses. 26 And you shall spend that money for whatever your heart desires: for oxen or sheep, for wine or similar drink, for whatever your heart desires; you shall eat there before the Lord your God, and you shall rejoice, you and your household.
  21. Slide 25

    • God had designed a system of generosity and kindness . . .
    • The people took advantage of the situation.
    • They were stealing from the people who had come for worship.
    • They were stealing from God
  22. Slide 26

    • John teaches us about the character of Jesus
    • He is the Son of God
    • He does sometimes get angry
  23. Outline of Future 2014 Sessions

    Slide 27 - Outline of Future 2014 Sessions

    • JANUARY 2015
    • 19 Orientation
    • 26 Inspiration of Scripture
    • FEBRUARY
    • 2 Genesis Though Deuteronomy 9 Joshua Through 2 Chronicles 16 The Prophets
    • 23 The Old Testament Poetry
    • MARCH
    • NEW TESTAMENT SURVEY
    • 2 The Synoptic Gospels
    • 9 The Gospel of John
    • 16 Acts
    • 23 The Epistles to congregations
    • 30 The Epistles to Individuals
    • APRIL
    • 6 The Epistles to Workers in the Kingdom
    • 13 Revelation 20 The Life of Christ Part 1
    • 27 The Life of Christ Part 2
    • MAY
    • 4 The Life of Christ Part 3 11 The Teachings of Christ Part 1
    • 18 The Teachings of Christ Part 2
    • 25 The Gospel of Christ
    • JUNE
    • 1 The Just Shall Live By Faith
    • 8 Examples of Conversion
    • 15 Process of Conversion Part 1
    • 22 Process of Conversion Part 2
    • 29 Last Will and Testament of Christ
  24. Outline of Future 2014 Sessions

    Slide 28 - Outline of Future 2014 Sessions

    • JULY 2015
    • 6 “I’m A New Man” (New Creature)
    • 13 The Christ, The Cross, and The
    • Church
    • 20 The Establishment of The Church
    • 27 The Identity of The Church
    • AUGUST
    • 3 New Testament Worship
    • 10 Authority, The Pattern, and
    • Innovation (1)
    • 17 Authority, The Pattern, and
    • Innovation (2)
    • 24 Authority, The Pattern, and
    • Innovation (3)
    • 31 Authority, The Pattern, and
    • Innovation (4)
    • SEPTEMBER
    • 7 Basis For Christian Unity
    • 14 Fellowship
    • 21 Spiritual Gifts and Miracles
    • 28 Church Government
    • OCTOBER
    • 5 Church Discipline
    • 12 Discipleship
    • 19 Works of Flesh and Fruits of Spirit
    • 26 The Christian Graces
    • NOVEMBER
    • 2 Love & The Law of Love
    • 9 The Devil and Temptation
    • 16 The Holy Spirit
    • 23 CLOSED FOR HOLIDAY
    • 30 TO BE DESIDED
    • DECEMBER
    • 7 TO BE DESIDED
    • 14 TO BE DESIDED