Problem-Based Learning Taxonomy

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Problem-Based Learning Taxonomy

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  1.    Problem-Based Learning Taxonomy

    Slide 1 - Problem-Based Learning Taxonomy

    • Explanatory Knowledge
    • Descriptive Knowledge
    • Procedural Knowledge
    • Personal Knowledge
    • Explanation problem – WHAT
    • Analysis, synthesis, evaluation
    • Fact-finding problem – WHAT
    • Comprehension, analysis, synthesis
    • Strategy problem – HOW
    • Analysis, synthesis, evaluation
    • Moral dilemma – WHY
    • Evaluation
  2.    Explanatory Knowledge

    Slide 2 - Explanatory Knowledge

    • Best fits: math and science
    • Example problem:
    • Design a container that, when dropped from a height of 20 feet, will safely cushion a raw egg inside.
    • Tasks:
    • Analyze different forms of cushion
    • Evaluate data from drop attempts
    • Synthesize understanding of possibilities
    • Submission:
    • Explain why you chose your cushion and container, and how it works.
  3.    Descriptive Knowledge

    Slide 3 - Descriptive Knowledge

    • Best fits: social studies, science
    • Example problem:
    • What causes civil war?
    • Tasks:
    • Understand causes of civil war throughout history
    • Analyze various causes for commonalities
    • Synthesize to create a summary
    • Submission:
    • Describe what causes civil wars to occur.
  4.    Procedural Knowledge

    Slide 4 - Procedural Knowledge

    • Best fits: math, science
    • Example problem:
    • How do architects design home roof lines differently for different climates?
    • Tasks:
    • Analyze different roof lines around the world
    • Synthesize common attributes based on climate
    • Evaluate connections between climate and architecture
    • Submission:
    • Give directions to an architect on designing a house to fit a particular area of the United States.
  5.    Personal Knowledge

    Slide 5 - Personal Knowledge

    • Best fits: language arts, social studies
    • Example problem:
    • Given Katniss Everdeen’s character in The Hunger Games, which house would she fit in at Hogwarts School in Harry Potter?
    • Tasks:
    • Analyze character attributes
    • Infer understanding of houses
    • Submission:
    • Persuade the sorting hat that Katniss Everdeen fits in the house of your choice.
  6.    Problem-Based Learning Taxonomy

    Slide 6 - Problem-Based Learning Taxonomy

    • Explanatory Knowledge
    • Descriptive Knowledge
    • Procedural Knowledge
    • Personal Knowledge