Laws for the Layman video 1 dt. 14.05.15

Short video about Legal Awareness Definitions of Rights, Remedy and Limitation

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Laws for the Layman video 1 dt. 14.05.15

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Short video about Legal Awareness Definitions of Rights, Remedy and Limitation
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  1. Laws for the Layman

    Slide 1 - Laws for the Layman

    • Ravi S. Punjabi
    • B. E. (Electronics), LL. B.
    • Advocate High Court
    • Email id: rspunjabi@gmail.com
  2. “ WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:

    Slide 2 - “ WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:

    • JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
    • LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship;
    • EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all
    • FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;
    • IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION ”
    • The Constitution of India - Preamble
  3. Slide 3

    • This is a Fundamental Principle of Law, which translates to :
    • “Ignorance of Law is not an Excuse”
    • In Simple English:
    • We are all governed by the Law and so we need to know about the laws applicable. The ignorance of law does not offer any protection against the applicability of law nor against any resulting prosecution.
    • “Ignorantia Juris non Excusat”
  4. How often do we face the law?

    Slide 4 - How often do we face the law?

    • Where does one have to deal it?
    • Where??
    • Bills = Contracts
    • Electricity supply, Railways, Airlines & Transport are regulated by law
    • EMI’s & Home Loans, Insurance, Banking, Infrastructure, etc.
    • Car driving is permissible only under Motor Vehicle laws…
    • Employment, even of permanent nature is a contract
    • Education is regulated by the Law
    • It starts with one’s Birth Certificate & continues …….
    • How Often??
    • Every Day
    • Every Transaction
  5. Rights

    Slide 5 - Rights

    • A legal entitlement to have or do something
    • Something to which one has a just claim
    • Remedy
    • the means to achieve justice in any matter in which legal rights are involved, either by enforcing a right or by imposition of penalty or both
    • Limitation
    • When a legal right is violated, that is said to be the Cause of Action
    • Limitation is the permissible time window from the Cause of Action date to approaching the appropriate Court / Forum to seek remedy. If this window is exceeded, the claim may be barred due to delay/ limitation.
    • Rights, Remedy & Limitation
  6. A books Flat by paying builder B

    Slide 6 - A books Flat by paying builder B

    • Builder B commits a possession date. Flat is not ready by the date.
    • The default on date of possession is said to be the Cause of Action
    • A has option to approach Civil Court. Limitation = 3 years
    • A buys vacation package from company C
    • C issues tickets/ hotel bookings etc, but there is some error of date/names
    • A has to spend extra amounts on vacation for mistakes of bookings etc.
    • For this Deficiency of Service, A can approach Consumer Forum for damages and compensation. Limitation = 2 years
    • A buys a Medical insurance policy and is denied hospitalization claim
    • A can complain to Ombudsman or other forums regarding the deficiency and seek compensation for losses. Limitation = 1 year
    • Few situations :
    • * The above are illustrations only, choice of remedy and forum may vary based on the specific facts and circumstances of the matter.
  7. Slide 7

    • Comments & Suggestions to rspunjabi@gmail.com
    • Thank you and stay tuned for more!