Passive and Active Voice Lesson-Part 1

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Passive and Active Voice Lesson-Part 1

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  1. Passive and Active Voice

    Slide 1 - Passive and Active Voice

  2. Lesson Objectives

    Slide 2 - Lesson Objectives

    • Essential Question(s):How can we become stronger writers?
    • By the end of the lesson, you should be able to:
    • Define and explain the function of a verb
    • Define active and passive voice
    • Use active and passive voice when writing
    • State Standards:
    • E08.D.1.1.1 Explain the function of verbals in general and their function in specific sentences.
    • E08.D.1.1.2 Form and use verbs in the active and passive voice.
    • Student Terms: Use strong verbs in your writing
  3. Vocabulary

    Slide 3 - Vocabulary

    • Verb
    • Voice
    • Active Voice
    • Passive Voice
    • Let’s review our vocab terms, class!
  4. Quick Review: VerbsWhat are they?

    Slide 4 - Quick Review: VerbsWhat are they?

    • A verb describes an action or a state of being.
    • Examples: What action are you taking or what are you doing?
    • Jumped
    • Swim
    • Reading
  5. Verbs and Voice

    Slide 5 - Verbs and Voice

    • Voice is the form a verb takes to tell us whether the subject of the verb performs or receives the action.
    • There are two types of voice: active voice and passive voice.
  6. Active Voice

    Slide 6 - Active Voice

    • Active voice is used to show that the subject of the sentence is performing or causing the action.
    • Examples:
    • Lebron(subject) threw the basketball before the buzzer.
    • Lebron(subject) shot the basketball from the free throw line.
    • Lebron(subject) scored three points.
  7. Passive Voice

    Slide 7 - Passive Voice

    • Passive voice is used when the subject is the recipient or receiver of the action.
    • Examples:
    • The ball was thrown by Lebron.
    • The basket was shot by Lebron.
    • The score was made by Lebron.
  8. Why does it matter?

    Slide 8 - Why does it matter?

    • Strong writing uses active voice!
  9. Why does it matter?

    Slide 9 - Why does it matter?

    • Active voice is more direct and concise or brief.
    • Passive voice is usually wordier.
    • Active voice is like watching Lebron play.
    • Passive voice is like watching gum stuck on the bleachers in the stands.
    • Most of the time you want to use active voice!
  10. When would you WANT to use passive voice?

    Slide 10 - When would you WANT to use passive voice?

    • When intentionally trying to hide the subject of the sentence.
    • For example, a politician might say, “The mistake was made by someone.” Hiding the subject helps him/her hide the blame.
    • When intentionally trying to minimize the guilt of the subject.
    • For example, a cheating boyfriend might say, “Cheating was committed by me.”
    • When passive voice better emphasizes the main point of the message.
    • For example, “Children were harmed by the drunk driver.”
  11. Form of Passive Voice Verbs

    Slide 11 - Form of Passive Voice Verbs

    • The passive voice requires a "double verb" and will always consist of a form of the verb "to be" and the past participle (usually the "en/ed/t" form) of another verb.
    • Example:
    • Active: John baked the bread.
    • Passive: The bread was baked by John. (Was is a form of the verb “be”.)
  12. Form of Passive Voice Verbs

    Slide 12 - Form of Passive Voice Verbs

    • Writers should be familiar with the forms of "to be" , often called linking verbs, so that they can easily identify the passive voice in their work.
    • Review the forms of "to be":
    • am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been
  13. Form of Passive Voice Verbs

    Slide 13 - Form of Passive Voice Verbs

    • Note the forms of "to be" in the examples of the verb "to kick" in various forms of the passive voice:
    • is kicked----------------had been kickedwas kicked-------------is going to be kickedis being kicked---------will be kickedhas been kicked-------can be kickedwas being kicked------should be kicked