2015 Spring Study HEBREWS
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Slide 1 - 2015 Spring Study“Preparing For The Future”
- Session 16: Survey of Hebrews
Slide 3 - Author
- While the author does not identify himself by name, many scholars agree that the Apostle Paul wrote the epistle to the Hebrews.
- This conclusion is based on:
- Writing style and content.
- External evidence
- Writings of Christians dating from the late first century and the following 2nd and 3rd centuries.
Slide 4 - Date
- Written before AD 70
- Passages clearly reference the temple as still standing, animal sacrifices still being offered, etc. but that they would soon end.
- References to the Hebrew Christians as being persecuted by the Jews.
- For these and other reasons it is suggested that Hebrews was written between 61 and 67 from Italy, probably Rome.
Slide 5 - Recipients
- This epistle was written to Jews who had become Christians living in Judea and circulated to others from there.
- Hellenists – Jews of the dispersion who were heavily influenced by Greek culture.
Slide 6 - Design and Occasion of the EpistleAdam Clark
- The converted Hebrews, because they had turned their backs on the law of Moses, and embraced the religion of Jesus whom their rulers had crucified, were exceedingly persecuted by their countrymen. Sometimes the unconverted Hebrews persecuted their converted brethren themselves; at other times they stirred up the pagan who were round about to do it.
- By these means the believing Hebrews had a great fight of afflictions, Hebrews 10:32; and were made gazing-stocks, both by reproaches and afflictions, Hebrews 10:33; and experienced the spoiling of their goods, which for a while they took joyfully, Hebrews 10:34.
Slide 7 - Design and Occasion of the EpistleAdam Clark
- But this was not all; for, as the Christian religion was then a new thing in the world, it is natural to suppose that the new converts had a great many doubts and hesitations in themselves concerning the lawfulness of what they had done in embracing it: and what added to these doubts was, the constant endeavor of the Judaizing teachers to lay stumbling blocks in the way of these Hebrews, which they too often accomplished by means of their divers and strange doctrines, mentioned Hebrews 13:9.
Slide 8 - Design and Occasion of the EpistleAdam Clark
- The consequence of this opposition, both from within and without, was, that great numbers of the Hebrews apostatized from Christ and his Gospel, and went back to the law of Moses; while the fluctuating state of the rest gave the apostles too much reason to fear a general, if not universal apostasy. Now this apparent danger was the OCCASION of this letter, and the DESIGN of it was to prevent the threatened evil if possible.
Slide 9 - Kenneth Wuest
- “Any attempt to deal in an adequate way with the Epistle to the Hebrews must be based, not only upon a careful exegesis of its text in the Greek, but also upon a study of the historical background and an analysis of the book. All correct exegesis is based upon and checked up by analysis.”
- Exegesis [ek-si-jee-sis] 1. critical explanation or interpretation of a text or portion of a text, especially of the Bible.
Slide 10 - Kenneth Wuest
- “Analysis is to the exegete what a compass is to a mariner, or a radio beam to an aviator. The two individuals named cannot hope to arrive at their destination without the aid of their instruments. Similarly, no expositor of Hebrews can hope to arrive at a correct exegesis of that book without constantly checking his position by its historical background and analysis.”
Slide 11 - Kenneth Wuest
- “Therefore, before attempting the interpretation, we must lay a comprehensive groundwork consisting of the historical background and analysis of the book. The reader can then check the interpretation of any particular detail by consulting this analysis. That interpretation which agrees with the analysis is correct, and that which is not in such agreement is not correct. The matter of correct interpretation, therefore, is reduced to a science. This eliminates all discussion as to one's theological background or personal views.”
Slide 12 - Kenneth Wuest
- “The working out of the problems of exegesis upon the basis of the laws of analysis and the rules of Greek grammar becomes almost as sure a scientific procedure as the working out of a problem in mathematics or an experiment in chemistry. The writers of the Bible, led by the Holy Spirit, wrote within the limits imposed by their context. No Scripture statement is unrelated to the context in which it is found.”
Slide 13 - Kenneth Wuest
- “We therefore approach the study of this portion of God's Word with the confidence that we are, to change the figure, playing the game according to the rules, not offering the reader an interpretation colored by whatever theological background or personal opinions the writer may have. It is just the scientific way of obeying the laws governing the experiment and tabulating the facts as one finds them.”
Slide 14 - Kenneth Wuest
- The book was written to prove that a certain proposition is true. The writer states the proposition in the following words:
- "He (Christ) is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises" (8:6).
- "By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament" (7:22).
Slide 15 - Kenneth Wuest
- "For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second. For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah" (8:7,8).
- "He taketh away the first (covenant), that he may establish the second" (10:9).
- The proposition is, therefore: "The New Testament in Jesus' blood is superior to and supplants the First Testament in animal blood."
Slide 16 - Kenneth Wuest
- The New Testament is the reality of which the First Testament was the type. The type consisted of a blood sacrifice which symbolically gave the offerer salvation, while in reality his salvation came from the sacrifice made by the Lord Jesus at Calvary.
Slide 17 - The New Testament is better than and takes the place of the First Testament because its Founder, the Messiah, is better than:
- The prophets (1:1-3)
- The angels (1:4-2:18)
- Moses (3:1-6)
- Joshua (3:7-4:13)
- Aaron (4:14-8:6)
Slide 18 - The New Testament is better than and takes the place of the First Testament because:
- It was prophesied to be better (8:7-13)
- It is actual; the First Testament only typical (9:1-15)
- It is made effective with better blood (9:16-10:39)
Slide 19 - OUTLINE
Slide 20 - OUTLINE
Slide 21 - OUTLINE
Slide 22 - OUTLINE
Slide 23 - OUTLINE
Slide 24 - OUTLINE
Slide 25 - OUTLINE
Slide 26 - OUTLINE
Slide 27 - HEBREWS 1:1-4
- “God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds; who being the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, having become so much better than the angels, as He has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.”
Slide 28 - The Son – God’s Final Spokesman
- “God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son.”
- The same God that spoke by the prophets has also spoken by His Son.
- All revelation is significant
- Final revelation has been given by the Son
- He completes what has been spoken and ushers in the final age.
- John 1:1 – “In the beginning was the Word…”
- He is the Logos, Deity told out! (Wuest)
Slide 29 - The Son – Heir Of All Things
- “ whom He has appointed heir of all things”
- The rights and dignities of the son are expressed.
- Jesus has the position and rights of an only Son and Heir in contrast to the prophets who were merely servants.
- Jesus is heir of all things!
- He is heir by appointment.
- Heir – 2 meanings
- (1) one who acquires anything by lot; and
- (2) one who inherits anything by the will and appointment of another.
Slide 30 - The Son - Creator
- “through whom also He made the worlds”
- John 1:3-5
- “All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made. In Him was life, and the life was the light of men.”
- Colossians 1:16
- For by Him all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him.
Slide 31 - Brightness of His Glory
- “Who being the brightness of His glory”
- It is in Christ and through Him that the glories of the Father are fully revealed to men.
- Brightness - Apaugasma - NT:541 - (ap-ow'-gas-mah) Radiance, effulgence, (a brilliant radiance; a shining forth), light beaming from a luminous body.
- As the radiance of the sun is to the sun itself, so is Christ, the Son of God, to the Father.
- Glory – Doxa
- Magnificence, excellence, preeminence, dignity, grace. (Thayer)
- 2 Corinthians 4:6 - For it is the God who commanded light to shine out of darkness, who has shone in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.
Slide 32 - Express Image of His Person
- “and the express image of His person”
- Jesus makes the invisible God visible.
- Express image – The object on which the features of another are expressed.
- “The mark stamped upon that instrument or wrought out on it; hence a mark or figure burned in or stamped on, an impression; the exact expression of any person or thing, marked likeness, precise reproduction in every respect.” Thayer
- The Word became flesh that we may know God!
- Jesus is the visible representation of the invisible God; that is, God can be seen in Jesus. He is the exact and complete representation of God because He is the Son of God.
- Colossians 1:15 – “He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation.”
Slide 33 - Express Image of His Person
- John 14:7-11 - "If you had known Me, you would have known My Father also; and from now on you know Him and have seen Him." Philip said to Him, "Lord, show us the Father, and it is sufficient for us."
- Jesus said to him, "Have I been with you so long, and yet you have not known Me, Philip? He who has seen Me has seen the Father; so how can you say, 'Show us the Father'? Do you not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father in Me? The words that I speak to you I do not speak on My own authority; but the Father who dwells in Me does the works. Believe Me that I am in the Father and the Father in Me, or else believe Me for the sake of the works themselves.
Slide 34 - Express Image of His Person
- John 5:18-19
- Therefore the Jews sought all the more to kill Him, because He not only broke the Sabbath, but also said that God was His Father, making Himself equal with God. Then Jesus answered and said to them, "Most assuredly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing of Himself, but what He sees the Father do; for whatever He does, the Son also does in like manner.
Slide 35 - Word of His Power
- “And upholding all things by the word of His power”
- Word of His power. - "The word" is the utterance which comes from His (the Son's) power, and gives expression to it. Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown
- Jesus, the Word, the Son of God, is not only the creator but also the preserver, foundation, supporter, and sustainer, of the universe. By His powerful command Jesus causes the universe to function as it does.
- Colossians 1:15-18 - He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation. 16 For by Him all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him. And He is before all things, and in Him all things consist. And He is the head of the body, the church, who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in all things He may have the preeminence.
Slide 36 - The Son – Savior
- “when He had by Himself purged our sins”
- “By Himself” – As in all other areas, He was sufficient to Himself for the purging of sins.
Slide 37 - The Son Exalted
- “Sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high”
- Sat down – His work is complete
- Hebrews 8:1-2 - …We have such a High Priest, who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens…
- Hebrews 10:12-14 - But this Man, after He had offered one sacrifice for sins forever, sat down at the right hand of God, from that time waiting till His enemies are made His footstool. For by one offering He has perfected forever those who are being sanctified.
Slide 38 - The Son Exalted
- “having become so much better than the angels, as He has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.”
- Philippians 2:5-11
- Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus, 6 who, being in the form of God, did not consider it robbery to be equal with God, 7 but made Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bondservant, and coming in the likeness of men. 8 And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient to the point of death, even the death of the cross. 9 Therefore God also has highly exalted Him and given Him the name which is above every name, 10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven, and of those on earth, and of those under the earth, 11 and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
Slide 39 - JESUS - LORD and CHRIST
- Acts 2:36 - Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly that God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both
- Lord and Christ
Slide 40 - 2015 SCHEDULE
- JANUARY 2015
- 19 Orientation
- 26 Inspiration of Scripture
- 2 Genesis Though Deuteronomy 9 Joshua Through 2 Chronicles 16 The Prophets
- 23 The Old Testament Poetry
- NEW TESTAMENT SURVEY
- 2 The Synoptic Gospels
- 9 The Gospel of John
- 16 Acts
- 23 A Survey of Romans
- 30 A Survey of 1st and 2nd Corinthians
- 6 A Survey of Galatians, Ephesians, Colossians, Philippians.
- 13 1st and 2nd Thessalonians, Philemon 20 1s and 2nd Timothy and Titus
- 27 James
- 4 Hebrews
- 11 1st and 2nd Peter, Jude
- 18 1st 2nd 3rd John
- 25 Revelation
- 1 The Life of Christ Part 1
- 8 The Life of Christ Part 2
- 15 The Life of Christ Part 3
- 22 The Teachings of Christ Part 1
- 29 The Teachings of Christ Part 2
Slide 41 - 2015 SCHEDULE
- JULY 2015
- 6 The Gospel of Christ
- 13 Examples of Conversion
- 20 Process of Conversion Part 1
- 27 Process of Conversion Part 2
- 3 “I’m A New Man” (New Creature)
- 10 The Christ, The Cross, and The Church
- 17 The Establishment of The Church
- 24 The Identity of The Church
- 31 New Testament Worship
- 7 Authority, The Pattern, and
- Innovation (1)
- 14 Authority, The Pattern, and
- Innovation (2)
- 21 Authority, The Pattern, and
- Innovation (3)
- 28 Basis For Christian Unity
- 5 Fellowship
- 12 Spiritual Gifts and Miracles
- 19 Church Government
- 26 Church Discipline
- 2 Discipleship
- 9 Works of Flesh and Fruits of Spirit
- 16 Love & The Law of Love
- 23 CLOSED FOR HOLIDAY
- 30 The Christian Graces
- 7 The Devil and Temptation
- 14 The Holy Spirit