From Civil War to Civil Rights

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From Civil War to Civil Rights

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  1. From Civil War to Civil Rights.

    Slide 1 - From Civil War to Civil Rights.

    • Important Events that led to the Civil rights movement
  2. Emancipation Proclamation

    Slide 2 - Emancipation Proclamation

    • President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863.
    • It stated that all slaves in the South would be free.
    • Lincoln issued it 3 years into the Civil War.
    • The Constitution would not say they were free until 2 years later.
  3. 13th Amendment

    Slide 3 - 13th Amendment

    • The 13th Amendment was added to the Constitution on December 6, 1865.
    • Freed all the slaves in all the United States.
    • The South was very angry, but they had lost the war, so could not do anything about it.
  4. 14th Amendment

    Slide 4 - 14th Amendment

    • The 14th Amendment was adopted on July 9, 1868.
    • African Americans and former slaves were now citizens of the United States.
    • Every person was protected equally by the U.S. government, including former slaves.
  5. 15th Amendment

    Slide 5 - 15th Amendment

    • Signed into law on February 3rd, 1870.
    • Gave all African Americans and former slaves the right to vote.
    • With the use of poll taxes, literacy tests, and by other ways, it was hard for former slaves to vote until almost 100 years later.
  6. Plessy vs. Ferguson

    Slide 6 - Plessy vs. Ferguson

    • Plessy was sitting in a train that was for “white’s only”. He thought this was wrong to separate black and white people.
    • In 1896, the U.S. Government said you could separate black and white people.
    • This led to the idea of “separate but equal”.
  7. Integration of the Military

    Slide 7 - Integration of the Military

    • On July 26th, 1948 President Truman signed a law saying the military would be integrated.
    • This meant that black and white people fought together for the first time.
    • People against the integration thought the military would not be as strong. They were wrong.