From Civil War to Civil Rights
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Slide 1 - From Civil War to Civil Rights.
- Important Events that led to the Civil rights movement
Slide 2 - Emancipation Proclamation
- President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863.
- It stated that all slaves in the South would be free.
- Lincoln issued it 3 years into the Civil War.
- The Constitution would not say they were free until 2 years later.
Slide 3 - 13th Amendment
- The 13th Amendment was added to the Constitution on December 6, 1865.
- Freed all the slaves in all the United States.
- The South was very angry, but they had lost the war, so could not do anything about it.
Slide 4 - 14th Amendment
- The 14th Amendment was adopted on July 9, 1868.
- African Americans and former slaves were now citizens of the United States.
- Every person was protected equally by the U.S. government, including former slaves.
Slide 5 - 15th Amendment
- Signed into law on February 3rd, 1870.
- Gave all African Americans and former slaves the right to vote.
- With the use of poll taxes, literacy tests, and by other ways, it was hard for former slaves to vote until almost 100 years later.
Slide 6 - Plessy vs. Ferguson
- Plessy was sitting in a train that was for “white’s only”. He thought this was wrong to separate black and white people.
- In 1896, the U.S. Government said you could separate black and white people.
- This led to the idea of “separate but equal”.
Slide 7 - Integration of the Military
- On July 26th, 1948 President Truman signed a law saying the military would be integrated.
- This meant that black and white people fought together for the first time.
- People against the integration thought the military would not be as strong. They were wrong.