NEW TORTS.1 [Autosaved]

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NEW TORTS.1 [Autosaved]

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  1. Torts(not torte)

    Slide 1 - Torts(not torte)

    • 1
  2. TORT

    Slide 2 - TORT

    • Wrongdoing: An unwanted intrusion on a protected personal right that causes economic, physical, or psychological injury….
    • Compensation: For which, the injured party seeks remuneration, compensation, or an opportunity to be made whole again.
    • 2
  3. DAMAGES

    Slide 3 - DAMAGES

    • COMPENSATORY (for actual loss or to be made whole)
    • 1. Special Damages - for a quantifiable loss (e.g. medical/lost wages)
    • 2. General Damages – designed to award individuals for non-
    • monetary damages (pain & suffering, loss of consortium,
    • disfigurement, etc.)
    • PUNATIVE (to punish the wrongdoer and/or provide a credible deterrence)
    • 3
  4. PREPONDERANCE OF EVIDENCE

    Slide 4 - PREPONDERANCE OF EVIDENCE

    • That greater weight of evidence, not necessarily established by the greater number of witnesses testifying to a fact but by evidence that has the most convincing force…
    • 4
  5. BEYOND A REASONABLE DOUBT versus CLEAR AND CONVINCING(or unequivocal)

    Slide 5 - BEYOND A REASONABLE DOUBT versus CLEAR AND CONVINCING(or unequivocal)

    • 5
  6. Reasonable Person

    Slide 6 - Reasonable Person

    • 6
  7. TORTFEASOR

    Slide 7 - TORTFEASOR

    • (one who commits a tort)
    • 7
  8.   INTENTIONAL

    Slide 8 - INTENTIONAL

    • TORTS
    • 8
  9. INTENTIONAL TORTS(AFFECTING THE PERSON)

    Slide 9 - INTENTIONAL TORTS(AFFECTING THE PERSON)

    • ASSAULT
    • BATTERY
    • FALSE IMPRISONMENT
    • INFLICTION OF EMOTIONAL DISTRESS
    • DEFAMATION
    • APPROPRIATION
    • MISREPRESENTATION
    • PROPERTY INTERESTS
    • 9
  10. INTENTIONAL TORTS(AFFECTING PROPERTY)

    Slide 10 - INTENTIONAL TORTS(AFFECTING PROPERTY)

    • TRESPASS TO LAND
    • TRESPASS TO CHATTELS
    • CONVERSION
    • DISPARAGEMENT OF PROPERTY
    • 10
  11. TRESPASS TO LAND

    Slide 11 - TRESPASS TO LAND

    • INTENTIONAL PHYSICAL INVASION
    • OF PLAINTIFF’S REAL PROPERTY…
    • 11
  12. TRESPASS TO CHATTELS

    Slide 12 - TRESPASS TO CHATTELS

    • INTENTIONAL MINOR INTERFERENCE
    • WITH PLAINTIFF’S RIGHT OF
    • ENJOYMENT OF HIS PERSONAL
    • PROPERTY…
    • 12
  13. CONVERSION

    Slide 13 - CONVERSION

    • INTENTIONAL SUBSTANTIAL
    • INTERFERENCE WITH PLAINTIFF’S
    • RIGHT OF ENJOYMENT OF HIS
    • PERSONAL PROPERTY…
    • 13
  14. DISPARAGEMENT

    Slide 14 - DISPARAGEMENT

    • ECONOMICALLY INJURIOUS
    • FALSEHOODS ARE MADE
    • ABOUT ANOTHER’S PROPERTY
    • OR PRODUCT…
    • 14
  15. ASSAULT

    Slide 15 - ASSAULT

    • Any intentional word or unexcused
    • act that creates, in the mind of
    • another individual, a reasonable
    • apprehension or fear of an immediate
    • harmful or offensive contact…
    • 15
  16. BATTERY

    Slide 16 - BATTERY

    • An intentional, unexcused/unprivileged,
    • and harmful or offensive touching of
    • another…
    • Harmful or offensive contact (unpermitted or unconsented)
    • To plaintiff’s person
    • Intent
    • Causation
    • 16
  17. DEFENSES

    Slide 17 - DEFENSES

    • CONSENT
    • SELF-DEFENSE
    • DEFENSE OF OTHERS (reasonable)
    • DEFENSE OF PROPERTY
    • 17
  18. FALSE IMPRISONMENT

    Slide 18 - FALSE IMPRISONMENT

    • The intentional confinement or
    • restraint of another without
    • Justification….
    • An act or omission on the part of the defendant that confines or restrains the plaintiff
    • To a bounded area
    • Intent
    • Causation
    • 18
  19. SHOP KEEPER’S

    Slide 19 - SHOP KEEPER’S

    • PRIVILEGE
    • 19
  20. INTENTIONAL INFLICTION OF EMOTIONAL DISTRESS

    Slide 20 - INTENTIONAL INFLICTION OF EMOTIONAL DISTRESS

    • An act by the defendant amounting to extreme and outrageous conduct
    • Intent (or recklessness)
    • Causation
    • Damages
    • 20
  21. INTENTIONAL TORT DEFENSES

    Slide 21 - INTENTIONAL TORT DEFENSES

    • CONSENT
    • SELF-DEFENSE
    • DEFENSE OF OTHERS
    • DEFENSE OF PROPERTY
    • NECESSITY
    • 21
  22. MISREPRESENTATION(Fraud)

    Slide 22 - MISREPRESENTATION(Fraud)

    • Misrepresentation of facts or conditions
    • Knowledge that the facts are false (scienter) or with reckless disregard for the truth (malice).
    • Intent to induce another to rely on the misrepresentations
    • Justifiable reliance
    • Damages suffered as a result of the reliance
    • Causal link between the misrepresentation and the injury
    • 22
  23. PRIVACY

    Slide 23 - PRIVACY

    • 23
  24. PRIVACY

    Slide 24 - PRIVACY

    • BILL OF RIGHTS
    • 14TH AMENDMENT
    • “Unreasonable searches by government officials…”
    • 5TH AMENDMENT
    • “Government may not compel criminal suspects to
    • testify against themselves…”
    • 24
  25. Slide 25

    • IMPORTANCE OF BUSINESS
    • OR GOVERNMENT PURPOSE
    • DEGREE OF INTRUSION ON
    • REASONABLE EXPECTATIONS
    • OF PRIVACY
    • 25
  26. APPROPRIATION

    Slide 26 - APPROPRIATION

    • The use by one person of
    • another’s name, likeness, or
    • other identifying characteristic,
    • without permission and for the
    • benefit of the user….
    • 26
  27. OTHER QUALIFYING ACTS

    Slide 27 - OTHER QUALIFYING ACTS

    • INTRUSION INTO AN INDIVIDUAL’S AFFAIRS OR SECLUSION (privacy invasion)
    • PUBLICATION OF INFORMATION THAT PLACES A PERSON IN A FALSE LIGHT
    • PUBLIC DISCLOSURE OF PRIVATE FACTS THAT AN ORDINARY PERSON WOULD FIND OBJECTIONABLE
    • 27
  28. Defamation

    Slide 28 - Defamation

    • 28
  29. DEFAMATION

    Slide 29 - DEFAMATION

    • Anything published or publicly
    • spoken that causes injury to
    • another’s good name, reputation,
    • or character…
    • 29
  30. ELEMENTS OF DEFAMATION

    Slide 30 - ELEMENTS OF DEFAMATION

    • Oral or written statement
    • Falsity (false statement)
    • Communication/publication
    • to a third person
    • Damage to reputation or
    • character
    • 30
  31. DEFAMATION CATEGORIES

    Slide 31 - DEFAMATION CATEGORIES

    • LIBEL
    • SLANDER
    • 31
  32. LIBEL

    Slide 32 - LIBEL

    • Defamation in writing or other
    • form (e.g. videotape) having the
    • quality of permanence…
    • 32
  33. SLANDER

    Slide 33 - SLANDER

    • Defamation in oral form…
    • 33
  34. SLANDER PER SE(no proof of injury or harm required)

    Slide 34 - SLANDER PER SE(no proof of injury or harm required)

    • A statement that another has a loathsome
    • communicable disease.
    • A statement that another has committed
    • improprieties while engaging in a
    • profession or trade
    • A statement that another has committed, or has
    • been imprisoned for, a serious crime
    • A statement that an unmarried woman is
    • unchaste
    • 34
  35. DEFAMATION

    Slide 35 - DEFAMATION

    • PUBLIC FIGURE
    • - To prevail, must prove actual malice---(statement
    • made with either knowledge of falsity or a reckless
    • disregard for the truth)
    • PRIVATE PERSON
    • - To prevail, need only prove simple negligence
    • 35
  36. DEFENSES TO DEFAMATION

    Slide 36 - DEFENSES TO DEFAMATION

    • TRUTH
    • PRIVILEGED COMMUNICATION
    • - Absolute (judicial/certain legislative)
    • - Qualified
    • CONSENT
    • PUBLIC FIGURE
    • 36
  37. NEGLIGENCE

    Slide 37 - NEGLIGENCE

    • (UNINTENTIONAL TORT)
    • 37
  38. NEGLIGENCE

    Slide 38 - NEGLIGENCE

    • GOVERNED BY STATE LAW (GENERALLY)
    • RESTATEMENT OF TORTS:
    • - American Law Institute (lawyers/judges/teachers)
    • - Restatement of Torts
    • a. Uniformity in tort law
    • b. Not law
    • 38
  39. NEGLIGENCE

    Slide 39 - NEGLIGENCE

    • DUTY OF CARE
    • - Reasonable person standard
    • - Community standard
    • - Legal standard
    • - Professional standard (Industry v. economic principles)
    • BREACH OF DUTY
    • CAUSATION
    • - The “but for” analysis
    • - Reasonable foreseeability (proximate cause)
    • - Joint and several liability
    • INJURY
    • 39
  40. DEFENSES TO NEGLIGENCE

    Slide 40 - DEFENSES TO NEGLIGENCE

    • Assumption of Risk
    • Comparative Fault
    • Contributory Fault
    • No duty
    • 40
  41. STRICT LIABILITY

    Slide 41 - STRICT LIABILITY

    • NO DEFENSE-- Liability without fault
    • WILD ANIMALS
    • - Domestic Pets: “One free bite rule”
    • INHERENTLY DANGEROUS ACTIVITY
    • ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY
    • - Product Liability
    • a. Defect at inception of design/manufacture
    • b. Different standards between software and books?
    • 41
  42. “NO DUTY TO RESCUE”

    Slide 42 - “NO DUTY TO RESCUE”

    • 42
  43. EXCEPTIONS TO THE RULE

    Slide 43 - EXCEPTIONS TO THE RULE

    • CLOSE FAMILY RELATIONSHIP
    • PUT SOMEONE IN HARMS WAY
    • ABILTY TO COMPLETE RESCUE
    • CONTRACTUAL DUTY
    • THE GOOD SAMARITAN RULE – Generally liable only for gross negligence or reckless conduct [WA]
    • 43
  44.    SPECIAL

    Slide 44 - SPECIAL

    • STANDARDS
    • 44
  45. SPECIAL STANDARDS CATEGORIES

    Slide 45 - SPECIAL STANDARDS CATEGORIES

    • CHILDREN (adult activity)
    • PROFESSIONALS/SPECIALISTS
    • COMMON CARRIERS/INN-KEEPERS
    • OCCUPIERS OF LAND
    • - Licensee
    • - Invitee
    • - Known/unknown adult trespassers
    • STATUTORY PROVISION
    • 45
  46.  ATTRACTIVE NUISANCE DOCTRINE

    Slide 46 - ATTRACTIVE NUISANCE DOCTRINE

    • 46
  47. ATTRACTIVE NUISANCE

    Slide 47 - ATTRACTIVE NUISANCE

    • “ORDINARY CARE TO AVOID
    • FORESEEABLE RISK OF HARM TO
    • CHILDREN CAUSED BY ARTIFICIAL
    • CONDITIONS ON THE PROPERTY…”
    • 47
  48.  RES IPSA LOQUITUR

    Slide 48 - RES IPSA LOQUITUR

    • 48
  49. QUESTIONS

    Slide 49 - QUESTIONS

    • 49