Story Elements Review Lesson-Recording

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Story Elements Review Lesson-Recording

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  1. Elements of Fiction Review

    Slide 1 - Elements of Fiction Review

  2. Essential Question(s): How do the parts of a story come together?

    Slide 2 - Essential Question(s): How do the parts of a story come together?

    • By the end of the lesson, you should be able to:
    • Define each story element and identify it in a story.
    • Conflict
    • Plot
    • Setting
    • Characters
    • Direct Characterization
    • Indirect Characterization
    • Theme
    • Point of View
    • State Standards:
    • CC.1.2.9-10.A, CC.1.2.9-10.B, CC.1.2.9-10.C, CC.1.2.9-10.D
    • Student Terms: Identify and analyze elements of a story
    • Lesson Objectives
  3. Vocabulary

    Slide 3 - Vocabulary

    • Conflict
    • Plot
    • Setting
    • Characters
    • Direct Characterization
    • Indirect Characterization
    • Theme
    • Point of View
    • Let’s review our vocab terms, class!
  4. You should ALWAYS be taking notes in class, but you knew that! 

    Slide 4 - You should ALWAYS be taking notes in class, but you knew that! 

    • Story Element
    • Definition
    • Example
    • Plot
    • Setting
    • Where and when the story takes place
    • New York City, 1967
    • Characters
    • Conflict
    • Theme
    • Point of View
    • Note Taking
  5. What is Conflict?

    Slide 6 - What is Conflict?

    • A conflict is a problem that the main character(s) face.
    • The main character can also be known as the protagonist or the “good guy.”
    • Examples:
    • An arctic adventurer struggles to survive hunger and cold.
    • A brother and sister fight over control of the television.
    • Every story worth reading has a conflict.
    • If there is no conflict, there is no tension.
    • Some stories have multiple conflicts.
  6. Types of Conflict

    Slide 7 - Types of Conflict

    • 1.
    • 2.
    • 3.
    • 4.
  7. Conflict is a struggle or problem faced by the main character or protagonist.

    Slide 8 - Conflict is a struggle or problem faced by the main character or protagonist.

    • Conflict drives the plot of a story.
    • There are 4 types of conflict.
    • Quick Review
  8. Every story is made up of a sequence, or series, of events. The way events are ordered to create a story is called the plot.

    Slide 9 - Every story is made up of a sequence, or series, of events. The way events are ordered to create a story is called the plot.

    • The plot is all of the action that takes place during the story.
    • Parts of the plot:
    • Exposition
    • Inciting Incident
    • Rising Action
    • Climax
    • Falling Action
    • Resolution
    • What is Plot?
  9. Plot from Beginning to End

    Slide 10 - Plot from Beginning to End

  10. The exposition is the background information on the characters and setting explained at the beginning of the story.

    Slide 11 - The exposition is the background information on the characters and setting explained at the beginning of the story.

    • Exposition
    • Climax
    • Falling Action
    • Resolution
    • Rising Action
    • Inciting Incident
    • Exposition
  11. The inciting incident is the action that introduces the first major conflict of the story.

    Slide 12 - The inciting incident is the action that introduces the first major conflict of the story.

    • If this one thing didn’t happen, the story wouldn’t happen!
    • Inciting Incident
    • Climax
    • Falling Action
    • Resolution
    • Rising Action
    • Inciting Incident
    • Exposition
  12. Rising Action

    Slide 13 - Rising Action

    • In rising action, the story line itself starts to take shape and the conflict develops.
    • Climax
    • Falling Action
    • Resolution
    • Rising Action
    • Inciting Incident
    • Exposition
  13. Climax

    Slide 14 - Climax

    • The climax of the story is when the main character makes a decision that will decide how the conflict will be resolved. It is often the most exciting part of the story.
    • Climax
    • Falling Action
    • Resolution
    • Rising Action
    • Inciting Incident
    • Exposition
  14. Falling Action

    Slide 15 - Falling Action

    • Starts to wrap up the story and begins to show what happens as a result of the climax.
    • Climax
    • Falling Action
    • Resolution
    • Rising Action
    • Inciting Incident
    • Exposition
  15. The resolution is the end of the story. It shows how the conflict is resolved.

    Slide 16 - The resolution is the end of the story. It shows how the conflict is resolved.

    • Resolution
    • Climax
    • Falling Action
    • Resolution
    • Rising Action
    • Inciting Incident
    • Exposition
  16. Parts of the Plot

    Slide 17 - Parts of the Plot

    • Exposition
    • Inciting Incident
    • Rising Action
    • Climax
    • Falling Action
    • Resolution
    • Quick Review
  17. The setting is where and when  the story takes place  or in other words, the place and time of a story. Does it occur in the past, present, or future?

    Slide 18 - The setting is where and when the story takes place or in other words, the place and time of a story. Does it occur in the past, present, or future?

    • In a Castle?
    • In a School?
    • What is Setting?
  18. Elements of Setting

    Slide 19 - Elements of Setting

    • Place
    • Time
    • Weather
    • Social
    • conditions
    • Mood/
    • Atmosphere
  19. Setting: when and where the story takes place.

    Slide 20 - Setting: when and where the story takes place.

    • Quick Review
  20. Slide 21

    • What are Characters?
    • The characters are the people, animals, or other creatures in the story.
    • There are often two types of characters in a story:
    • The protagonist
    • The antagonist
    • The protagonist is the main character of the story. The protagonist is often referred to as the “good guy” in the story. We usually hope that the protagonist will succeed and defeat the “bad guy.”
    • The antagonist is often referred to as the “bad guy” or the “villain.” The antagonist is causing some sort of conflict with the protagonist.
    • Some stories have more than one protagonist and antagonist.
  21. Characterization:Two Types

    Slide 22 - Characterization:Two Types

    • If a writer tells you what a character is like, the method is called direct characterization.
    • If a writer prefers to show you what the character is like, the method is called indirect characterization.
    • Types of indirect characterization
    • Speech
    • Thoughts
    • Effect on others
    • Actions
    • Looks
  22. Characters: people, animals, or creatures in a story

    Slide 23 - Characters: people, animals, or creatures in a story

    • Protagonist: the main character
    • Antagonist: the character who causes a conflict with the protagonist (the “bad guy”)
    • Direct Characterization: tells
    • Indirect Characterization: shows
    • Quick Review
  23. The search for meaning …

    Slide 24 - The search for meaning …

    • Theme
  24. What makes a story linger in our hearts and minds long after we’ve read it? Often it is the idea on which the story is built — its theme.

    Slide 25 - What makes a story linger in our hearts and minds long after we’ve read it? Often it is the idea on which the story is built — its theme.

    • Theme is a part of the author’s purpose or reason for writing. The theme of a story is the message about life that the author wants the reader to learn.
    • In most stories, the theme is not stated directly. Instead, it is revealed to us through the characters’ experiences.
    • What is Theme?
  25. Break it DownPiece by Piece

    Slide 26 - Break it DownPiece by Piece

    • Theme: life lesson, meaning, moral, or message about life or human nature
    • In other words …
    • Theme is what the story teaches the readers.
  26. You don’t have to agree with the theme to identify it.

    Slide 27 - You don’t have to agree with the theme to identify it.

    • Examples:
    • Money can’t buy happiness.
    • Don’t judge people based on the surface.
    • It is better to die free than live under tyranny.
    • Identifying Theme
  27. Quick Review

    Slide 28 - Quick Review

    • Theme is the lesson learned from a story.
  28. What is Point of View?

    Slide 29 - What is Point of View?

    • Point of view is the perspective or viewpoint from which the story is told.
    • It is the way the author allows the reader to see and hear what is going on in the story.
    • There are 3 different perspectives or viewpoints from which a story can be told.
    • First-person (I, me, my)
    • Second-person (you, your)
    • Third-person (he, she, him, her)
    • Third person OMNISCIENT: The reader knows the thoughts and feelings of all characters.
    • Third person LIMITED: The reader only knows the thoughts and feelings of some characters.
  29. Point of view affects the way a reader experiences a story.

    Slide 30 - Point of view affects the way a reader experiences a story.

    • For example:
    • If a story is written in the first person point of view, the reader will get more of the main character’s thoughts and emotions. However, the reader won’t know what other characters are thinking or feeling.
    • If a story is written in the second person point of view, the reader will feel like he/she is IN the story.
    • If a story is written in the third person omniscient point of view, the reader will know what all characters are thinking and feeling.
    • If a story is written in the third person limited point of view, the reader will have to use context clues to figure out what some characters are thinking and feeling.
    • Why is Point of View Important?
  30. Define each story element and identify it in a story.

    Slide 31 - Define each story element and identify it in a story.

    • Conflict
    • Plot
    • Setting
    • Characters
    • Direct Characterization
    • Indirect Characterization
    • Theme
    • Point of View
    • Review ObjectivesCan you do it?
  31. Check out the video below for a fun song to help you remember the story elements!

    Slide 32 - Check out the video below for a fun song to help you remember the story elements!

    • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c6I24S72Jps
    • Dig Deeper