Understanding the levels of FL & US Courts

Federalism and our courts

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Understanding the levels of FL & US Courts

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Federalism and our courts
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  1. Understanding FL/US Courts & their setup

    Slide 1 - Understanding FL/US Courts & their setup

    • SS.7.c.3.11
  2. Primary text - constitution

    Slide 2 - Primary text - constitution

    • “The judicial power of the United States, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices during good behaviour, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services, a compensation, which shall not be diminished during their continuance in office.” – Article 3 Section 1
    • According to the above quote, what is the only court in the country that must exist at all times?
    • Besides this one court, who gets to decide what other courts we need?
    • Why would the founding fathers give the power to decide what courts exist to this group/groups?
  3. Two Court System

    Slide 3 - Two Court System

    • Florida State Court System
    • Florida’s judicial branch is outlined in Article V of the Florida Constitution. The court system is divided into multiple divisions including a supreme court, district courts of appeal, circuit courts and county courts. Florida’s court system is mixed in that the judges presiding at the county and city level are elected, while Florida’s state court judges, including members of the Supreme Court, are appointed through merit selection.
  4. Two Court system

    Slide 4 - Two Court system

    • Federal Court System
    • Article III of the U.S. Constitution outlines the court system in the United States, which is divided into three sections.
    • The first section of Article III provides information about the organization of the court system, which is divided into two parts, supreme and inferior. This means that only the U.S. Supreme Court is established by the U.S. Constitution. Otherwise, it is up to the U.S. Congress to create, mandate (such as to the states) and support all other courts. The court system that has since been created includes several layers of courts.
  5. Florida First

    Slide 5 - Florida First

    • How is the Judicial branch setup in our state?
    • Why would the founding fathers want to have separate courts for the state and federal governments?
    • What other branches are divided between state and federal levels?
  6. Florida County Courts

    Slide 6 - Florida County Courts

    • There is a county court in every Florida county.
    • The courts are structured with a judge.
    • This court has the power minor arguments between citizens and minor criminal offenses.
    • The Florida County Courts are trial courts.
  7. Florida Circuit courts

    Slide 7 - Florida Circuit courts

    • There are 20 circuit courts in Florida.
    • The courts are structured with a judge and a jury.
    • This court has the power to hear trials on cases not assigned to county courts and appeals from county courts.
    • The Florida Circuit Courts are trial and appellate courts.
  8. Florida District court of Appeal

    Slide 8 - Florida District court of Appeal

    • There are 12 circuits in Florida.
    • The courts have panels of three judges that hear cases.
    • This court has the power to hear appeals from Florida Circuit Courts.
    • The Florida District Courts of Appeal are appellate courts.
  9. Florida supreme Court

    Slide 9 - Florida supreme Court

    • This is the highest court in Florida and is located in Tallahassee.
    • The FL Supreme Court is structured with seven justices and a Chief Justice.
    • This court has the power to hear appeals from the District Courts of Appeal as well as other cases as assigned from the FL Legislature.
    • The Florida Supreme Court is an appellate court.
  10. Federal Court System

    Slide 10 - Federal Court System

    • How is the Judicial branch setup in the federal level?
    • what types of court cases does the federal courts hear?
    • What happens if you don’t like the way the Florida supreme court decides?
  11. Us district courts

    Slide 11 - Us district courts

    • There are 94 district courts in the U.S.
    • The courts are structured with a judge and a jury.
    • This court level is where most federal cases start.
    • This court has the power to hear civil and criminal cases related to federal laws.
    • The U.S. District Courts are trial courts.
  12. Us circuit court of appeal

    Slide 12 - Us circuit court of appeal

    • There are 12 circuits in the U.S.
    • These courts have panels of three judges that hear cases.
    • This court has the power to hear appeals from U.S. District Courts.
    • The U.S. Circuit Courts of Appeal are appellate courts.
  13. Us supreme court

    Slide 13 - Us supreme court

    • This is the highest court in the United States.
    • The Supreme Court is structured with eight justices and a Chief Justice.
    • This court has the power to hear appeals from U.S. Circuit Courts of Appeal and from state supreme courts.
    • The Supreme Court has the power of judicial review.
    • The U.S. Supreme Court is an appellate court.